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Research Paper | Medical Surgical | India | Volume 5 Issue 5, May 2016
Pattern of Pediatric Dermatoses in a Tertiary Care Referral Centre in Andhra Pradesh
Dr. T. Vani  | Dr. Ch. Ramamohan | Dr. S. Nageswaramma | Dr. S. Madhuri
Abstract: BACKGROUND Skin diseases are one of the common health problems in the paediatric age group. The morbidity caused by certain dermatoses in this age group is associated with significant psychosocial impact. Cutaneous infections are commonly encountered in children of school going age. The predisposing factors for this common occurrence are low socioeconomic status, climatic conditions, poor dietary intake and lack of hygiene. AIM The aim of this study is to evaluate the magnitude of various skin diseases and their pattern of occurrence among children up to 14 years of age. METHODS Consecutive 2075 children aged up to 14 years, attending the tertiary care hospital were the subjects of this study. A detailed history and cutaneous examination were done. Thorough general and systemic examination followed by relevant investigations was carried out as and when necessary. The findings were recorded in a proforma for analysis and interpretation of the data. RESULTS Out of 2075 children, majority 1117 (53.83 %) are having various infections and infestations followed by eczemas 297 (14.31 %). CONCLUSION In our study the major cause of morbidity in children was infections and infestations. Among infections and infestations scabies 541 (26.07 %) was the most common entity followed by bacterial 295 (14.21 %), fungal 210 (10.12 %) and viral 71 (3.34 %) infections.
Keywords: Paediatric dermatoses, infections, infestations, eczemas, scabies
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 5, May 2016,
Pages: 1009 - 1012
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