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Research Paper | Zoology | India | Volume 5 Issue 5, May 2016
Characterization of Plant-Parasitic Nematode Communities Associated With Brinjal Crops in the Nagole Area of Rangareddy District, Hyderabad, Telangana, India (2011-2012)
B. Kavitha  | Prof. V. Vanita Das
Abstract: In Telangana, vegetable crops are now a very important component of the economy. However, their yield in farmers fields is very low as a result of a recurring pest pressure, especially the plant-parasitic nematodes. This work aimed to identify nematodes parasites of brinjal crops of Nagole area of Rangareddy district, Hyderabad, Telangana State. Samples of soil and roots were taken in plant rhizosphere on the most important vegetable producing sites of the zone. Nematological analysis revealed 8 species of plant-parasitic nematodes in the rhizosphere of the brinjal crops. In my study 8 nematode spp were identified Meloidogyne sp. Rotylenchulus sp. Pratylenchus sp. Helicotylenchus sp. Hoplolaimus sp. Heterodera sp. Trichodorus sp. Xiphinema sp. Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena L. ) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics. The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents and is derived from Arabic and Sanskrit whereas the name eggplant has been derived from the shape of the fruit of some varieties, which are white and resemble in shape to chicken eggs. It is also called aubergine (French word) in Europe. The brinjal is of much importance in the warm areas of Far East, being grown extensively in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, China and the Philippines (Suman & Dikshit, 2010). Eggplant (Solanum melongena L. ), or Guinea squash, is in the 4th rank of vegetable crops (FAO, 1999). It is of considerably economic importance in Asia, Africa, and subtropics (India, Central America), but is also grown in some warm temperate regions (Mediterranean area, South of the USA) (Sihachakr et al. , 1993). In 1999, 1.3 million ha were cultivated in the world for a total production of 21.2 million t, of which 92.4 % of the world production was covered by Asia (FAO, 1999). Although lower than that of tomato, eggplant nutritious value is comparable to other common vegetables (Gruber, 1977). Its fresh weight is composed of 92.7 % moisture, 1.4 % protein, 1.3 % fibre, 0.3 % fat, 0.3 % minerals, and the remaining 4 % consists of various carbohydrates and vitamins A and C (Khan, 1979).
Keywords: Brijal crop, plant parasitic nematodes, history
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 5, May 2016,
Pages: 2293 - 2297
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