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Research Paper | Zoology | India | Volume 5 Issue 3, March 2016
Phytochemical Analysis of Flower, Leaf and Root of Achyranthes Aspera from Durg District of Chhattisgarh- A Comparative Study
Nisreen Husain  | Anil Kumar 
Abstract: A large number of Indian medicinal plants have been the important components of traditional medicinal system, and also in modern pharmaceuticals. Their biologically active functions and medicinal value is due to the presence of a wide range of chemical compounds in different parts of the plants. Most of such compounds act as natural antioxidants, and help in reducing the incidences of diseases and early ageing. In the present study, all the seven groups of the important phytocompounds, viz. , Cardiac glycosides, Steroids, Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Terpenoids, Tannins and Saponins, were screened from the different parts of the well known medicinal herb, Achyranthes aspera. Their presence was revealed through in vitro phytochemical screening of methanolic and chloroformic extracts of flower, leaf and root of Achyranthes aspera. The analysis for the same was carried out by qualitative tests for which the standard protocol was followed. Methanolic flower and root extracts were found as the good sources of phytoactive constituents. Both methanolic and chloroformic extracts of flowers, leaf and root showed the distinct presence of Steroids. Flower and root parts ascertained the presence of Terpenoids. Methanolic extracts of three of the plant parts were found to consist of good stores of phytochemicals as compared to the chloroformic extracts.
Keywords: Phytochemical compounds, Secondary metabolites, Steroids, Flavonoids, Cardiac glycosides, Tannins, Saponins, Alkaloids and Terpenoids
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 3, March 2016,
Pages: 1613 - 1615
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