Research Paper | Medicine Science | Albania | Volume 5 Issue 2, February 2016
Overuse of Cigarettes Smoking and Link with Urologic Disease
Kim Drasa Jr. | Evin Dani 
Abstract: Tobacco smoking is a major worldwide cause of morbidity and mortality from various diseases, including urologic diseases. Cigarettes smoking is a leading cause of death from cancer, although the relationship between Smoking and urologic cancer is controversial. Objective To evaluate the available evidence of the role of the cigarette smoking and urologic disease development and progression, and to discuss possible clinical implication for Urologic Disease management. Material & Methods A literature search was conducted to identify original articles, reviews, editorials, and international scientific congress s (published in English language) combining the following terms cigarette smoking, urogenital diseases, smokeless tobacco, tobacco cessation We selected articles according to predefined inclusion criteria and the Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic reviews and Meta-analysis. Results Most of the studies demonstrated the link between Cigarette smoking and Urologic diseases. The association between cigarette smoking and Urologic diseases incidence is controversial, particularly in recent series. Current cigarette smoking is associated with an increased risk of Urologic diseases morbidity, and the number of cigarettes smoked per day a dose-response association with Urologic diseases mortality. Smokers present a high risk of biochemical or distant failure after urologic diseases treatment. Several biological mechanisms behind these association have been proposed, although the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Further research is required to better understand the role of smoking of urologic cancer developing and progression and, particularly to evaluate the possible effect of smoking cessation on urologic malignant/non-malignant diseases management. Conclusion Data from the Peer-Reviewed literature suggested an association of smoking and aggressive urologic cancer. Although the pathophysiology underling these association remains unclear. Smokers presented higher urologic cancer mortality and worse outcome after treatment. Smoking-cessation counseling should be implemented for patient with urologic malignant/non-malignant diseases, although its effect on urologic cancer progression should be investigated.
Keywords: Cigarettes, smoking, Cancer
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 2, February 2016,
Pages: 2066 - 2070
Similar Articles with Keyword 'Cigarettes'
Relationship between Alcohol and Tobacco Use among Students of Faculty of Medical Technical Sciences of Tirana
Esmeralda Thoma  | Irida Pano
The Prevalence of Well-Being and Healthy Lifestyle in Physicians in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia
Dr. Afnan A. Al Awwad | Dr. Najla A. Al Dossary | Dr. Reham Z. Al Anzi | Dr. Tahani M. Asiri | Walid Al Harbi