Research Paper | Material Science and Engineering | Egypt | Volume 5 Issue 2, February 2016
Effect of Direct Reduced Iron Proportion in Metallic Charge on Technological Parameters of EAF Steelmaking Process
Mohamed Abd Elkader | Ayman Fathy | Mamdouh Eissa | Sayed Shama
Abstract: The data obtained from industrial heats carried out in 185-ton electric arc furnace (EAF) were used to study the effect of direct reduced iron (DRI) percentage in metallic charge on the different steelmaking parameters and consumption figures. The present study carried out in a wide range of DRI percentage, 0- 90 % of metallic charge, and the results have been statistically analyzed to correlate the percentage of DRI with the different consumption figures of electric energy, oxygen, coke and fluxing materials. In addition, the influence of DRI percentage on contents of tramp and detrimental elements affecting on steel quality has been also investigated. The results reveal improving the steel quality by increasing DRI percentage, as the tramp elements (Cu, Sn, Ni, Cr) and detrimental elements (P, S) and also nitrogen, all decrease by increasing the percentage of DRI in the metallic charge. On the other hand, the increase in DRI percentage leads to increase in the consumptions (per ton of liquid steel) of electric energy, oxygen, coke and fluxing materials. Furthermore, the metallic yield decreases and the power on time and hence the tap-to-tap time increase as DRI percentage increases. With using higher DRI percentage in the charge, the yield strength and ultimate tensile strength of produced hot rolled bars of low carbon steel slightly decrease whereas elongation increases.
Keywords: Direct reduced iron, electric arc furnace, steel making parameters, mechanical properties
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 2, February 2016,
Pages: 2016 - 2024
How to Cite this Article?
Mohamed Abd Elkader, Ayman Fathy, Mamdouh Eissa, Sayed Shama, "Effect of Direct Reduced Iron Proportion in Metallic Charge on Technological Parameters of EAF Steelmaking Process", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 5 Issue 2, February 2016, pp. 2016-2024, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=NOV161550
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