International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 220

Research Paper | Pharmacology Science | Saudi Arabia | Volume 5 Issue 1, January 2016


Screening of Anthraquinones and Assessment of Antimicrobial Activities of Ethanol Extracts of AdansoniadigitataL., Sudan

M. H. A. Suleiman, Y. A. I. Ahmed, A. A. Osman


Abstract: The aim of the study was to investigate anthraquinones and to determine the antimicrobial activity of different extracts of Adansonia digitata L. , a plant used by Sudanese communities to treat various ailments such as diarrhea and microbial infections. The anthraquinones were screened qualitatively. The presences of anthraquinones were detected in ethanol extracts along with acetone and ethyl acetate fractions of both fruits fibers and fruits cover of A. digitata. The fruits fibers and fruits cover extracts were screened for antimicrobial activity against Gram- positive (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus), and Gram-negative bacterial strains (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris and Klebsiella pneumoniae), and two fungi (Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger) using agar well diffusion method. Results showed that the fruits covers extract was exerted highest activity on bacterial agents tested compared to fruits fibers extract, and fruits fibers extract was the most effective against fungi (A. niger), while both extracts were not active against C. albicans. Fruits cover extract at concentration of 100 g / ml showed 25 mm diameter zone of inhibition against P. vulgaris. This was followed by 23, 22 and 21 mm zone of inhibition against B. subtilis, K. pneumoniae and S. aureus. TLC analysis revealed the presence of two anthraquinones compounds in the acetone extract of the fruits cover.


Keywords: Adansonia digitata, Antibacterial, Antifungal, Anthraquinones, Sudan


Edition: Volume 5 Issue 1, January 2016,


Pages: 1 - 7


How to Cite this Article?

M. H. A. Suleiman, Y. A. I. Ahmed, A. A. Osman, "Screening of Anthraquinones and Assessment of Antimicrobial Activities of Ethanol Extracts of AdansoniadigitataL., Sudan", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=NOV152536, Volume 5 Issue 1, January 2016, 1 - 7

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address


Similar Articles with Keyword 'Antibacterial'

Downloads: 103

Research Paper, Pharmacology Science, India, Volume 4 Issue 6, June 2015

Pages: 1224 - 1227

Antibacterial Spectrum and Activity Guided Evaluation of Bark of Sonneratia Alba

Mitter C. S.

Share this Article

Downloads: 114

Research Paper, Pharmacology Science, India, Volume 3 Issue 12, December 2014

Pages: 1167 - 1170

Phytochemical Analysis and Antibacterial Activity of Mirabilis jalapa Flower against Gastro Intestinal Pathogens

Sumithra P, Varalakshmi S, Devasena K

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Antifungal'

Downloads: 115

Review Papers, Pharmacology Science, India, Volume 6 Issue 7, July 2017

Pages: 751 - 755

Pharmacological Properties of Bixa Orellana ? A Review

P. Srineeraja

Share this Article

Downloads: 129

Research Paper, Pharmacology Science, Libya, Volume 4 Issue 5, May 2015

Pages: 30 - 33

Preliminary Phytochemical and Antifungal Studies of Sea Grass, Posidonia oceanica obtained from Mediterranean Sea of Libya

Mohamed Ayad Berfad, Mohamed Ali Saed Fahej, Ashok Kumar, Salem Edrah

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Sudan'

Downloads: 112

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Pharmacology Science, Saudi Arabia, Volume 4 Issue 6, June 2015

Pages: 457 - 461

Effects of Methanolic Extract of the bark of Khaya Senegalensis on Various Isolated Tissues Preparations

Elagib.H.M, Shayoub.M.E, Mohammed.A.H, Osman.B.I, Abdoon.I, Elagib.S.M

Share this Article

Downloads: 118

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Pharmacology Science, Saudi Arabia, Volume 3 Issue 3, March 2014

Pages: 127 - 134

Hepatoprotective Activity of the Methanolic Extract of the Bark of Khaya senegalensis in Rats against Paracetamol - Induced Hepatotoxicity

Elagib.H.M, Shadad.S.A, Muddathir.A.E, Mohammed.Y.O, Elagib.S.M

Share this Article
Top