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Survey Paper | Homeopathy | India | Volume 11 Issue 12, December 2022
A Cross-Sectional Study to Access the Puberty Changes in Adolescence Girls of 15 & 16 Years of Age Using Tanners Sexual Maturity Scale
Abstract: Background: Puberty is the state of becoming functionally capable of procreation. This is usually accepted as occurring at the age of 12 years in girls and 14 years in boys, but full reproductive capacity is not usually attained until later. Puberty is characterized by physical sexual differentiation and by the onset of activity of the sex organs. puberty is the first part of adolescence; the remainder being concerned with the mental and emotional adaptations to sexual function and with the development of full maturity.4 Aim & Objectives: 1) To understand puberty changes are normal in the age group of 15-& 16-year-old adolescent girls according to Tanner?s Sexual Maturity Scale. 2) To estimate the relation between Menarche, breast & pubic hair development and BMI. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from 22-10-2021 to 24-10-2021 as a part of an awareness talk on puberty changes in adolescent girls especially 10th-standard students in a high school, at Moodbidri, Karnataka. Purposive sampling was selected by taking 200 students forms the study group. Study participants filled structured questionnaire on which sexual maturity was accessed using Tanner?s Sexual Maturity Score. Results: The mean age of menarche was found 12.86 (SD=0.87) (graph. C). Among 200 girls, most of the students were in stage2 (58) & 3 (96) breast development whereas pubic hair development was in stage3 (99) & 4 (90). Normally breast development must be more than pubic hair development. There was a correlation found between menarche & pubic hair development (r=-.302, p= <.001). There was a correlation found between breast development & BMI (r=.370, p=<.001), as the BMI of 50.5% of girls shows underweight (graph B) and hence most of the breast development was in stages 2 &3 whereas pubic hair development was in stages 3&4 so underweight was found one of the causes for delaying Brest development stage. Discussion: Most of the students showed underweight and delayed breast development stage compared to pubic hair development. The hallmark of the adolescence period is growth, nutrition is an important factor. The impact of inadequate nutrition at this phase of life is also visible later in adult life. Conclusion: This study was conducted on students studying in a high school, at Moodbidri. So further studies at other schools are needed to investigate nutrition deficiencies, followed by nutritional correction as well as Homoeopathic intervention will be required in the future.
Keywords: Tanners Sexual Maturity Scale, Adolescence, Puberty
Edition: Volume 11 Issue 12, December 2022,
Pages: 350 - 352
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