 # International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Double Blind Reviewed

Research Paper | Computer and Mathematical Sciences | India | Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021

## Transitive Closure of a Graph using Graph Powering & Further Optimization by Euler's Fast Powering Algorithm

Abhijit Tripathy

Abstract: A graph is a collection of nodes and edges. Transitive closure matrix is a matrix formed by the reach-ability factor, which means if one node A of the graph is reachable from another node B, then there exists a positive reach-ability between A and B, negative reach-ability otherwise. This can be easily denoted by using binary denotation of 0 and 1. Graph powering is a technique in discrete mathematics and graph theory where our concern is to get the path between the nodes of a graph by using the powering principle. In simple words, if we take the rth power of any given graph G then that will give us another graph G(r) which has exactly the same vertices, but the number of edges will change. In the powered graph G(r) there will be a connection between any two nodes if there exits a path which has a length less than r between them. This small intuition can help us in finding the transitive closure of a graph in O(V^4) time complexity and O(V^2) space complexity. We can improve the time complexity of the above mentioned algorithm by using Euler's Fast Powering Algorithm to O(V^3 logV).

Keywords: graph algorithms, transitive closure, graph powering, discrete mathematics, Euler's fast powering

Edition: Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021,

Pages: 869 - 873

Abhijit Tripathy, "Transitive Closure of a Graph using Graph Powering & Further Optimization by Euler's Fast Powering Algorithm", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021, pp. 869-873, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=MR21613054013

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