Characterization of Black Shale of Chimiari Khyber Pakthunkhawa Region of Pakistan for Its Potential as Multi Minerals
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

Case Studies | Environmental Science Studies | Pakistan | Volume 2 Issue 1, January 2013

Characterization of Black Shale of Chimiari Khyber Pakthunkhawa Region of Pakistan for Its Potential as Multi Minerals

Muhammad Tariq, Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Shafiq, Muhammad Sajjad, Muhammad Mansoor Iqbal, Bashir Muhammad

The increasing demand has open the reach field to develop low grade ore deposits which were either technically impossible to develop or have serious environmental sequences or both. Black shale deposits are one of the low grade but of immense quantity reserves in the world. In Pakistan black shale deposits occur in Balakot, Kaghan Valley, and Jhelum Valley in AJK and Tarbela in Ghandgarh Range Khyber Pakthunkhawa (KP). The physical, chemical, mineralogical, radiometric and biological characterization of Chimiari black shale was carried out. The sample was ground to 72 mesh. The physical properties like color, streak, texture, moisture contents, hardness, specific gravity, voids ratio and porosity were studied. A low level -activity of 40 CPS was detected with the help of Macpher scintillation counter. In order to identify the minerals thin sections were studied and XRD was performed. The minerals identified are quartz, illite (a dioctahedral mica-mineral), K-feldspar, calcite and pyrite as the main minerals of black shale sample. Then the sample of black shale was chemically analyzed for SiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3, CaO, MgO, K2O, SO3, V2O5, MnO2, TiO2, Rb2O, ZnO, CuO and C (Total) by XRF technique and comparison was made with natural average earth crust composition to see which minerals have been up graded. Finally the presence of some rod-shaped, motile and aerobic bacteria in the black shale ore sample was observed under the phase-contrast microscope at X100 magnification.

Keywords: black shale, Chimiari, minerals, identification

Edition: Volume 2 Issue 1, January 2013

Pages: 231 - 238

Share this Article

How to Cite this Article?

Muhammad Tariq, Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Shafiq, Muhammad Sajjad, Muhammad Mansoor Iqbal, Bashir Muhammad, "Characterization of Black Shale of Chimiari Khyber Pakthunkhawa Region of Pakistan for Its Potential as Multi Minerals", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=IJSR13010185, Volume 2 Issue 1, January 2013, 231 - 238

79 PDF Views | 72 PDF Downloads

Download Article PDF



Similar Articles with Keyword 'minerals'

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, India, Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014

Pages: 1313 - 1321

Hydrochemical Assessment of Ground Water of Springs (Bowlis) of Udhampur District; J&K; India

Pragya Khanna

Share this Article

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, India, Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014

Pages: 1687 - 1689

Acid Mine Drainage Status and Water Quality Parameter in NCPH Colliery Coal Mine

Pratima Rani Dwivedi, Dr. M. R. Augur, Dr. Anita Agrawal, Rajiv Ratna Pandey

Share this Article

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, India, Volume 4 Issue 3, March 2015

Pages: 2058 - 2061

The Alternate Low Cost Non Conventional Energy Production Plant - Bio Gas Plant in a Tertiary Hospital Center

Dr. Sukanya Seshasai, Dr. T. Seshasai

Share this Article

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, India, Volume 4 Issue 5, May 2015

Pages: 1991 - 1998

State of Water Quality of Two Tropical Urban Lakes Located at Mumbai Megacity

Ratheesh Kumar R, Purushothaman C S, Sreekanth G B, Manju Lekshmi N, Renjith, V, Sandeep K P, Pandey P K

Share this Article

Case Studies, Environmental Science Studies, Pakistan, Volume 2 Issue 1, January 2013

Pages: 231 - 238

Characterization of Black Shale of Chimiari Khyber Pakthunkhawa Region of Pakistan for Its Potential as Multi Minerals

Muhammad Tariq, Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Shafiq, Muhammad Sajjad, Muhammad Mansoor Iqbal, Bashir Muhammad

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'identification'

Case Studies, Environmental Science Studies, Pakistan, Volume 2 Issue 1, January 2013

Pages: 231 - 238

Characterization of Black Shale of Chimiari Khyber Pakthunkhawa Region of Pakistan for Its Potential as Multi Minerals

Muhammad Tariq, Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Shafiq, Muhammad Sajjad, Muhammad Mansoor Iqbal, Bashir Muhammad

Share this Article

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Environmental Science Studies, India, Volume 3 Issue 7, July 2014

Pages: 380 - 383

Health Risks from Contaminated Water in the Public Water Distribution System in Rural Area

Tarakeshwari.M, Dr. Udayashankara T. H

Share this Article

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, India, Volume 3 Issue 7, July 2014

Pages: 2353 - 2359

Isolation, Molecular Identification and Comparative Lipid Profiling of Microalgae and Cyanobacteria

Gopinath.S.M, Ashalatha, Joylin Niruba, Meghana.R

Share this Article

Review Papers, Environmental Science Studies, Malaysia, Volume 7 Issue 8, August 2018

Pages: 859 - 864

Assessing the Ecological Inputs in Selected Forestry Related Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Reports in Sabah, Malaysia

Sollyantianna Edward, Leong Wan Vun

Share this Article

Research Paper, Environmental Science Studies, India, Volume 7 Issue 9, September 2018

Pages: 514 - 518

A Study on Landuse/Land Cover change Detection and its Impacts on the Soil Quality of Nilachal (Kamakhya) Hills, Guwahati, Assam

Tanvi Hussain, Dulal C Goswami

Share this Article
Top