Assessment of Groundwater Quality with Special Reference to Fluoride Concentration in Parts of Kandukuruvagu Basin in Nalgonda District, Telangana State, India
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

Research Paper | Geology | India | Volume 8 Issue 8, August 2019

Assessment of Groundwater Quality with Special Reference to Fluoride Concentration in Parts of Kandukuruvagu Basin in Nalgonda District, Telangana State, India

B. Sammaiah, D. Sandhyarani

Fluoride-enriched water has become a major public health issue in India. The present study tries to evaluate the geochemical mechanism of fluoride enrichment in groundwater of kandukuruvagu basin in nalgonda District, Telangana State, India. Total 50 groundwater samples were collected for the study spreading across the entire study area. The results of the analyzed parameters formed the attribute database for geographical information system (GIS) and Microsoft office excel analysis and final output maps. The fluoride concentration ranges from 0.44 to 5.4 mg/L (mean 2.85 mg/L), with 59 % of the samples containing fluoride concentrations that exceed the World Health Organization (WHO) drinking water guideline value of 1.5 mg/L and 81 % samples exceeding the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) guidelines of 1 mg/L. Presence of fluoride bearing minerals in the host rock, the chemical properties like decomposition, dissociation and dissolution and their interaction with water is considered to be the main cause for fluoride in groundwater. Chemical weathering under arid to semi-arid conditions with relatively high alkalinity favours high concentration of fluoride in groundwater. Dental and skeletal fluorosis are prevalent in the study area which can be related to the usage of high fluoride groundwater for drinking. The suggested remedial measures to reduce fluoride pollution in groundwater include dilution by blending, artificial recharge, efficient irrigation practices and well construction.

Keywords: Groundwater, Fluoride, Dissolution, Alkalinity, Pedda Kandukuru1, 2 and Mallapuram Nalgonda district, Telangana

Edition: Volume 8 Issue 8, August 2019

Pages: 940 - 945

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B. Sammaiah, D. Sandhyarani, "Assessment of Groundwater Quality with Special Reference to Fluoride Concentration in Parts of Kandukuruvagu Basin in Nalgonda District, Telangana State, India", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=ART2020355, Volume 8 Issue 8, August 2019, 940 - 945

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Assessment of Groundwater Quality with Special Reference to Fluoride Concentration in Parts of Kandukuruvagu Basin in Nalgonda District, Telangana State, India

B. Sammaiah, D. Sandhyarani

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Research Paper, Geology, India, Volume 8 Issue 8, August 2019

Pages: 940 - 945

Assessment of Groundwater Quality with Special Reference to Fluoride Concentration in Parts of Kandukuruvagu Basin in Nalgonda District, Telangana State, India

B. Sammaiah, D. Sandhyarani

Share this Article
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