Research Paper | Medicine and Dentistry | India | Volume 8 Issue 11, November 2019
Correlation of Duration of Diabetes Mellitus with Incidence of Diabetic Retinopathy
R. Arihanth, Dr Anuradha
Abstract: Aim To correlate the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy with duration of diabetes mellitus. Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a major systemic cause of blindness in the major part of the world. It is a metabolic disease in which not only carbohydrate metabolism but metabolism of lipid and proteins are also deranged. The associated metabolic deregulation causes secondary pathophysiological changes in multiple organ systems. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) refers to the retinal changes that occur in patients with diabetes mellitus. It is the leading cause of blindness particularly in the affluent society. The newer evolving techniques and technology have improved the diagnostic accuracy of screening methods and access of the diabetic patients to specialist care. In spite of this progress, DR remains a significant cause of acquired visual loss in working-age adults worldwide. More number of diabetics is encountered in the elderly age group. It is expected that the demographic shift toward a larger ageing population in India will have an effect on the pattern of chronic diseases and their complications. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 500 patients who were reported diabetics or newly diagnosed diabetics referred for screening for DR. Patients with posterior segment disease in whom posterior segment was not visualized were excluded from the study. A detailed ophthalmological examination of the patients was carried out. Results: Total prevalence of DR is 49. The prevalence of DR was seen to be 10 % when duration of diabetes detected was less than 6 years and was 87.7 % in patients with diabetes of more than 20 years. Conclusion: There is an increasing prevalence of DR with increase in duration of DM.
Keywords: diabetes, retinopathy, progression, duration
Edition: Volume 8 Issue 11, November 2019,
Pages: 755 - 756
How to Cite this Article?
R. Arihanth, Dr Anuradha, "Correlation of Duration of Diabetes Mellitus with Incidence of Diabetic Retinopathy", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART20202716, Volume 8 Issue 11, November 2019, 755 - 756
How to Share this Article?
Similar Articles with Keyword 'diabetes'
Invasive or Malignant External Otitis (MEO) Involving the Temporomandibular Joint: A Case Report
Dr. Merwin Paul R, Dr. Pushan Maity, Dr. Praveen Ganesh N, RVM Surya Rao, Dr. Alagar Raja D, Dr. S Narayanamurthy, Dr. Anand Prasath
Dentist Role in Managing Patients with Established Diabetes Mellitus by Correlation of Glucose Levels among Venous, Gingival and Finger-Prick Blood Samples
Dr. Ghousia Fatima, Dr. Farah Naaz Siraj, Dr. Roopali Tapashetti, Dr. Neha Bhutani, Dr. Aditya Rao
Similar Articles with Keyword 'progression'
Progression of Osteoradionecrosis of the Lower Jaw-Case Report
L. Videnova, P. Stanimirov, M. Petkova, R. Ugrinov
Staging of Radio-Induced Oral Mucositis
L. Videnova, P. Stanimirov, M. Petkova, E. Aleksiev, R. Ugrinov
Similar Articles with Keyword 'duration'
A Study on Plasma 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D Levels in Hypertensive Patients
Mukhtarahmed Bendigeri, Haisam Bin Abdulkader, Prakruthi Jaladhar
The Effect of Sleep Duration on Salivary Growth Hormone and Dental Occlusion in Relation to Height Status among Kindergarten Children
Meena O. Abdul Wadood