Geographic Information System for Crime Prevention: A Geo-Spatial Analysis in Colombo Suburbs, Sri Lanka
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064



Research Paper | Geography | Sri Lanka | Volume 8 Issue 10, October 2019

Geographic Information System for Crime Prevention: A Geo-Spatial Analysis in Colombo Suburbs, Sri Lanka

Rev. Pinnawala Sangasumana, K. S. Pathirana

A link between spatial technology and criminal investigations has been growing fast for several decades. One of the main proposes of present criminological studies is to predict the possible ways of incidents occurring so that prevention measures can be adopted to the process of strategic planning. This study demonstrates the applicability of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for identifying such possibility through spatial analysis on different crimes recorded. Spatial data analysis through GIS is becoming more popular in crime mapping and crime analysis in public safety agencies. This research paper attempts to identify the spatial and temporal distribution of crimes in one of the densely populated urban suburbs in Colombo; Peliyagoda Police Area. Recorded crimes during a particular period were the main data set of the study. In data analysis, different data models were created using GIS techniques and applied spatial tools such as Multiple Buffer Analysis, Density Analysis, Hot Spot Analysis and IDW Analysis. One of the main findings of this study is that the highest rate of criminal incidents have been reported within two km range from the Police Station. A specific temporal trend is progressive moving of crimes from South to the North during the period of past ten years. The spatial analysis model formulated by this research can be used to maintain the real time crime data at local, regional and global level.

Keywords: CrimeMapping, Prevention, Low enforcement, Spatial Analysis, Sri Lanka

Edition: Volume 8 Issue 10, October 2019

Pages: 655 - 659

Share this Article

How to Cite this Article?

Rev. Pinnawala Sangasumana, K. S. Pathirana, "Geographic Information System for Crime Prevention: A Geo-Spatial Analysis in Colombo Suburbs, Sri Lanka", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=ART20201905, Volume 8 Issue 10, October 2019, 655 - 659

73 PDF Views | 65 PDF Downloads

Download Article PDF



Similar Articles with Keyword 'Spatial Analysis'

Research Paper, Geography, India, Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014

Pages: 1616 - 1630

Important Landmarks in the Planned City of Chandigarh using Remote Sensing and GIS

Sunita Devi, Dr. Ravinder Kaur

Share this Article

Research Paper, Geography, Ghana, Volume 3 Issue 9, September 2014

Pages: 1714 - 1725

Spatial Dependency of Buruli Ulcer Disease on Geological Settings in Ghana

Saviour Mantey, Simon K.Y. Gawu, Richard K. Amankwah, Alfred Allan Duker

Share this Article

Research Paper, Geography, India, Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016

Pages: 1063 - 1066

Spatial Analysis of Household Amenities in Rajasthan

Virender Chhachhiya

Share this Article

Research Paper, Geography, Papua New Guinea, Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014

Pages: 961 - 967

Modelling Coastal Flood Hazard Using ArcGIS Spatial Analysis tools and Satellite Image

Sailesh Samanta, Cathy Koloa

Share this Article

Informative Article, Geography, India, Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014

Pages: 903 - 908

Modern Trends of Mathematical Application in Geographical Thoughts and Its Environment - Increasing Relevance in Geo-scientific Study

Rabin Das

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Sri Lanka'

Research Paper, Geography, Australia, Volume 9 Issue 9, September 2020

Pages: 1310 - 1319

Physical Geographical and Socio-Economical Geographical Factors Contribute towards the Temporal and Spatial Diffusion of Christianity in Sri Lanka: A Case Study in Puttlam District

W. Varunika Nishani Fernando, R. K. L. Mervin Dharmasiri

Share this Article

Research Paper, Geography, Sri Lanka, Volume 6 Issue 6, June 2017

Pages: 2149 - 2153

Stream Reservations are at Risk? : A Case Study on the Agro-Well Development in the Dry Zone of Sri Lanka

Muditha Prasannajith Perera

Share this Article

Research Paper, Geography, Sri Lanka, Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016

Pages: 2061 - 2065

The Impact of Agro-well Development on Floral Diversity in Tank Cascades in the Dry Zone of Sri Lanka

Muditha Prasannajith Perera, K.W.G. Rekha Nianthi

Share this Article

Research Paper, Geography, India, Volume 4 Issue 6, June 2015

Pages: 2537 - 2542

Grace of Sri Rama

Muthyla Ramakrishna Rao

Share this Article

Research Paper, Geography, Sri Lanka, Volume 7 Issue 9, September 2018

Pages: 1049 - 1057

Land Cover Changes and Land Degrading of a Fragile Environment due to Disasters: Reasons and Consequences (Special reference to Samasara Mountain area of Aranayaka, Sri Lanka)

Thanura Madusanka Silva, Dr. Nishan Sakalasooriya

Share this Article
Top