International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Double Blind Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




Downloads: 177 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Review Papers | Information Technology | Bangladesh | Volume 8 Issue 7, July 2019


Cellular Mobile Technologies (1G to 5G) and Massive MIMO

MD. Hasan Mahmud


Abstract: Cellular network technology supports a hierarchical structure formed by the base transceiver station (BTS), mobile switching center (MSC), location registers and public switched telephone network (PSTN). The BTS enables cellular devices to make direct communication with mobile phones. The unit acts as a base station to route calls to the destination base center controller. The base station controller (BSC) coordinates with the MSC to interface with the landline-based PSTN, visitor location register (VLR), and home location register (HLR) to route the calls toward different base center controllers. In the past few decades, mobile wireless technologies have experience 4 or 5 generations of technology revolution and evolution, namely from 0G to 4G. Current research in mobile wireless technology concentrates on advance implementation of 4G technology and 5G technology. Currently 5G term is not officially used. Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) is a wireless technology that uses multiple transmitters and receivers to transfer more data at the same time. All wireless products with 802.11n support MIMO. The technology helps allow 802.11n to reach higher speeds than products without 802.11n. In this knowledge base article we will focus on the evolution and development of various generations of mobile wireless technology along with their significance and advantages of one over the other. The main contribution of this paper is the basic concept of cellular mobile communication with their generations (1G to 5G). The proposal in this paper also related to Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO). Some potential areas of research and development (R & D) are also presented.


Keywords: CELLULER, BTS, PSTN, BSC, 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G, 5G, MIMO, GSM


Edition: Volume 8 Issue 7, July 2019,


Pages: 929 - 937


How to Cite this Article?

MD. Hasan Mahmud, "Cellular Mobile Technologies (1G to 5G) and Massive MIMO", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 8 Issue 7, July 2019, pp. 929-937, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART20199494

How to Share this Article?







Similar Articles with Keyword 'BTS'

Downloads: 88

Research Paper, Information Technology, Kenya, Volume 3 Issue 11, November 2014

Pages: 995 - 999

A Donor Information Needs Driven Approach to Address Kenyas Declining Blood Donations

Ireri Salome | Waiganjo Peter | Orwa Daniel

Share this Article

Downloads: 104

Research Paper, Information Technology, India, Volume 3 Issue 7, July 2014

Pages: 1360 - 1367

Implementation of Location based Encryption in GSM Cellular Network using OPNET

Vijay S. More | Uma R. Godase

Share this Article


Top