Dissertation Chapters | Psychology Science | India | Volume 8 Issue 3, March 2019
Rheumatoid Arthritis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Prevalence of Anxiety, Depression, Stress and Pain
Rahul Mogle, Jyoti Shetty
Abstract: Introduction: In present study, we aimed to measure the prevalence of anxiety, depression stress and pain in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. Materials & Methods: Present cross sectional study was conducted at the department of psychiatry of a tertiary care centre. A total of 50 consecutive patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus as per International Classification of Diseases Diagnostic Criteria for Research were selected for the study. Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) was used to assess level of depression, anxiety and stress while VAS scale was used to assess pain among cases. Data was analysed using SPSS ver.21.0. Results: Moderate or severe depressive symptoms were very prevalent in the study population, with 37.5 % of subjects of RA and 80 % of subjects of SLE being suffering from depression. A total of 52.5 % of the patients of rheumatoid arthritis and 60 % of the patients of SLE had symptoms of anxiety. Stress was observed in 45 % patients of RA and 80 % patients of SLE. A total of 40 % of the patients of both RA and SLE reported suffering from moderate amount of pain, 27 % of RA patients and 20 % of SLE patients reported severe pain in the study. It was also observed that various psychiatric co-morbidities were significantly correlated with each other i. e. depression, anxiety, stress and pain with each adding to the presence of other. Conclusion: Depression, Anxiety, psychological stress and mood status are independent factors in patients with RA and SLE. These factors need to be considered, particularly in patients who are resistant to different treatment regimens and in whom any reason for disease flare is not obvious. Higher pain levels was associated with moderate or severe depressive symptoms. Furthermore, those patients with moderate or severe depressive symptoms were more likely to have arthritis compared with those with no or mild depressive symptoms.
Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Pain, Rheumatoid arthritis, Stress, Systemic lupus erythematosus
Edition: Volume 8 Issue 3, March 2019,
Pages: 1240 - 1245
How to Cite this Article?
Rahul Mogle, Jyoti Shetty, "Rheumatoid Arthritis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Prevalence of Anxiety, Depression, Stress and Pain", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART20196270, Volume 8 Issue 3, March 2019, 1240 - 1245
How to Share this Article?
Similar Articles with Keyword 'Anxiety'
Discourse Analysis of Media Representations of Terrorism in East African Press: A Case study of Westgate Shopping Mall Attack in Nairobi, Kenya
Elochukwu Nweke, Biluny Puot
A Study to Assess the Level of Stress and Coping Strategies Adopted By Executives of the Selected Establishments in Pune City
Ankita Peter, Kalpana Sawane
Similar Articles with Keyword 'Depression'
Whats Wrong with Me? Understanding the Lived Experiences of High School Students with Manifestations of Depression
Alexander S. Acosta Ph.D., Maria Noeleen Borbajo Ed. D., Xandre Immanuel C. Acosta, Ivan Adina, Sebastian Cortez, Laurence Sanchez, Mohammed Zafar, Sheah Caceres, Bea Leal
A Study on Quality and Quantity of Sleep Disturbances Associated with their Quality of Life in Psychiatric Patients
Lashkar Pravalika, Banoth Anilkumar, Ravi Chander Thatipelli
Similar Articles with Keyword 'Pain'
The Neurobiological and Psychosocial Implications of Psychopaths: A Review
Clinical Study on Multidimensional Health Locus of Control, USA
Subhasree Ganapathy Mohan
Similar Articles with Keyword 'Stress'
Psychosocial Status of HIV Orphaned and Vulnerable Children (OVCs) Paediatric Populations in Sub-Saharan Africa: Case of Eldoret Municipality, Kenya
Mary W. Chege; Joshua Akong'a; Elijah Oyoo-Okoth
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Formerly Political Prisoners in Iraq: A Preliminary Report
Nabeel M. Al-Dakheely, Saja M. Hashim, Jawad K. Al-Diwan