International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 121

Research Paper | Medical Surgical | Nigeria | Volume 7 Issue 11, November 2018


Review of Clinico-Demographic Patterns and Profiling of the Determinants of Outcome of Neurological Surgery Admissions in an Intensive Care Unit: Preliminary Study

Chikani M. C., Ozor I.I., Onyia E. E., Dunga Guga, Mezue W. C., Iloabachie I.


Abstract: INTRODUCTION To evaluate the clinico-demographic patterns, and assess the factors determining outcome of neurological surgery admissions to the intensive care unit (ICU) of a tertiary health institution in South -East, Nigeria. METHODS: A retrospective study of all neurological surgery patients admitted into the general ICU of a tertiary health institution over 8 years that ended, March 2016. Relevant data from ICU admission-discharge registersand patients case notes werecollected on proformas. Analysis was done using the Statistical Package for SocialSciences (SPSS Inc. , Chicago, IL, USA) version 20.0. RESULTS: Neurosurgery ICU admissions were 539, males 405 (75.1 %), and 134 (24.9 %) females. Aged 2 months to 80 years (mean 36.65 19.41 years).26.6 % of the admissions in their first 3-decade of life.75.7 % were related to traumatic brain injury (TBI), with most of those injuries resulting from motorcycle and motor vehicular accidents. Other indications were post-operative patient monitoring (10.52 %) and high cervical spinal cord injury (4.78 %) and others.141 patients (26.1 %) had a neurosurgical intervention either prior to or during the ICU admission. Admission into the ICU was delayed in about 20 %. The lengths of admissions ranged from 24 hours to 151 days (median 4 days, mode: 24 hours).56.2 % of admitted patients achieved significant recovery and were discharged. Less than 7 days admission had higher mortality and this was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Severe TBI was the most common indication for ICU admission. Length of ICU stay influences outcome. More ICU facilities and personnel are needed to further improve outcomes.


Keywords: severe TBI, neuro-critical care, trauma, monitoring


Edition: Volume 7 Issue 11, November 2018,


Pages: 1055 - 1059


How to Cite this Article?

Chikani M. C., Ozor I.I., Onyia E. E., Dunga Guga, Mezue W. C., Iloabachie I., "Review of Clinico-Demographic Patterns and Profiling of the Determinants of Outcome of Neurological Surgery Admissions in an Intensive Care Unit: Preliminary Study", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART20192884, Volume 7 Issue 11, November 2018, 1055 - 1059

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