International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Research Paper | Medicine and Dentistry | Indonesia | Volume 7 Issue 10, October 2018


Characteristics of Maxillofacial Fracture and Head Injury due to Motor Vehicle Accidents in Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia

Syahril Samad, Endang Sjamsudin, Abel Tasman, Ahmad Faried


Abstract: Introduction According to the previous research about the most caused of traumatic brain injury after maxillofacial fracture with head injury was due to motor vehicle accidents. Aim of this research was to analyze the characteristics of maxillofacial fracture and head injury in emergency unit of Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia. Methods This cross sectional descriptive data research was done on patient in emergency unit of Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung on periode between September 2017 February 2018 with the inclusion criteria was any maxillofacial fracture and head injury due to motor vehicle accidents. Primary and secondary survey was done based on chronology of trauma and identified the location of head fracture and wound in a face. Form data was filled by researcher asaccording to the inctructions. Data was analyzed by cross sectional method for observed. Assessment system of maxillofacial trauma severity level was done by using Facial Injury Severity Scale (FISS) and Maxillofacial Injury Severity Score (MFISS). Assessment system of head injury severity level was done by using Glasgow Coma Scale. Results Data about characteristics of maxillofacial fracture with head injury due to motor vehicle accidents in 100 patients showed 16 cases of maxillofacial upper third fracture, 73 middle third fracture cases and 53 of lower third fracture cases. According to the GCS data calculation, 76 % in mild category, 22 % in moderate and 2 % in severe category. One typed and three type intracranial lesion was the most founded lesion (each 19 %), two type lesions was 9 % and no lesion was 70 %. Conclusion Maxillofacial middle third fracture, GCS mild category and one intracranial lesion due to motor vehicle accidents was the most characteristics trauma of maxillafacial and head injury. This research showed the most caused of maxillofacial trauma and head injury in patient at Hasan Sadikin Bandung, West Java Province was motorcycle vehicle accident


Keywords: Maxillofacial trauma, head injury, Hasan Sadikin hospital


Edition: Volume 7 Issue 10, October 2018,


Pages: 574 - 577


How to Cite this Article?

Syahril Samad, Endang Sjamsudin, Abel Tasman, Ahmad Faried, "Characteristics of Maxillofacial Fracture and Head Injury due to Motor Vehicle Accidents in Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART20191780, Volume 7 Issue 10, October 2018, 574 - 577

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