International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




Downloads: 110

Research Paper | Ecology | Congo | Volume 7 Issue 7, July 2018


What Can We Learn about Analysis of the Situation of Water, Hygiene and Sanitation in an African Rural Health Area: Study Case of Kavumu in Democratic Republic of Congo?

Hermes Karemere, Nathalie FARAJA Kalibanya, Jean-Louis BAHIZIRE Kayeye, Polycarpe CHIHIRE Barhahakana, Johnny Kashama


Abstract: Background Access to water supply services in a healthy environment continues to be a problem in many neighborhoods in the DRC. This is the case of the Kavumu health area where these services are defective and cause episodes of diarrheal diseases. The purpose of this study is to analyze the water hygiene and sanitation situation in Kavumu health area and propose strategies for its improvement. Methods This study, a descriptive cross-sectional, was carried out in the Kavumu health area. It is a prospective approach supported by documentation and the interview. The survey questionnaire was sent to 287 householders, from September 2016 to February 2017. Results The study reveals that 86.8 % of respondents are married, where women represent 66.2 % and 73.2 % of households have at least 5 members. The literacy rate is 23.3 % for men and 30.3 % for women. The Kavumu health area has 13 spring waters in 10 villages out of a total of 25. Nearly 6 % of householders live in houses built of durable materials and 65.5 % have unhygienic latrines.39.7 % of households produce household waste and 60.3 % of households produce agricultural waste.32.8 % of households store waste in their yards. Conclusion The water, hygiene and sanitation situation in the Kavumu health area remains rudimentary. In view of results of this study, the elaboration of a plan for the improvement of water, hygiene and sanitation services is essential in this health area.


Keywords: Water, Hygiene, Sanitation, Households, Kavumu health area, Democratic Republic of Congo


Edition: Volume 7 Issue 7, July 2018,


Pages: 1231 - 1237


How to Cite this Article?

Hermes Karemere, Nathalie FARAJA Kalibanya, Jean-Louis BAHIZIRE Kayeye, Polycarpe CHIHIRE Barhahakana, Johnny Kashama, "What Can We Learn about Analysis of the Situation of Water, Hygiene and Sanitation in an African Rural Health Area: Study Case of Kavumu in Democratic Republic of Congo?", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART2019109, Volume 7 Issue 7, July 2018, 1231 - 1237

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address


Similar Articles with Keyword 'Water'

Downloads: 139

Research Paper, Ecology, India, Volume 8 Issue 5, May 2019

Pages: 1099 - 1106

Biodiversity of Coastal Areas of Valsad, South Gujarat

Ayantika Das, Jigna Desai

Share this Article

Downloads: 1

Research Paper, Ecology, Uzbekistan, Volume 10 Issue 5, May 2021

Pages: 650 - 652

Studies of Regularities of Accumulation and Dispersion of Chemical Elements in Soils of the South Aral Regions

Jumamuratov A, Mambetullaeva M.S, Jumamuratov M. A.

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Households'

Downloads: 104 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Ecology, Kenya, Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014

Pages: 1025 - 1031

Human-Wildlife Conflicts: Causes and Mitigation Measures in Tsavo Conservation Area; Kenya

Stanley M. Makindi, Mark N. Mutinda, Nicholas K.W. Olekaikai, Wilson L. Olelebo, Abdillahi A. Aboud

Share this Article

Downloads: 115

Research Paper, Ecology, Kenya, Volume 2 Issue 4, April 2013

Pages: 442 - 449

Benefits of Agroforestry Farming Practices among Rural Households in Kenya: Experiences among Residents of Busia County

Agnes Mugure, Peter Oino

Share this Article
Top