International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




Downloads: 134

Research Paper | Ecology | Kenya | Volume 7 Issue 3, March 2018


Effect of Disturbance On the Population Structure and Regeneration of Trees: A Case Study of Acacia xanthophloea (Benth) Woodland in Ol-Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya

Godwin Leslie Muhati | Halima Saado Abdillahi


Abstract: Tree damage was assessed in 1540 Acacia species (A. xanthophloea) in Olpejeta Conservancy. Using belt transects (20 x 50 m), trees in the sample sites (closed and open) were counted. Measurements were made of Acacia tree count, recruits count, diameter at breast height, and mortality for both adult trees and seedlings. Densities were significantly higher in enclosed areas (398.3 16.60 trees/ha) than open areas (243.3 10.13) trees/ha. Elephants recorded the highest damage to the sampled trees with 54.55 % damage while human beings caused 12.85 % of the damage. Browsing was the main form of damage in open areas. Mean height for enclosed and open sites was 3.77 4.61 and 5.35 8.81, respectively. These findings suggest that herbivory damage did not have a significant effect on seedling regeneration but rather had an effect on population structure. Debarking caused by elephants occurred in the open areas with the highest being 96 % of the sampled trees in the 11-25 % damage class. The diameter class quotients fluctuated, an indication of unstable population thus suggesting impact of herbivory on population structure. Key recommendations include creation of more enclosure zones, winning back more space by controlling the densities of browsers, long term monitoring and the promotion of recruitment and regeneration rather than reducing mature tree loss.


Keywords: Acacia xanthoploea, Browsers, Ol-pejeta, Regeneration, Herbivory


Edition: Volume 7 Issue 3, March 2018,


Pages: 496 - 504

Effect of Disturbance On the Population Structure and Regeneration of Trees: A Case Study of Acacia xanthophloea (Benth) Woodland in Ol-Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya


How to Cite this Article?

Godwin Leslie Muhati, Halima Saado Abdillahi, "Effect of Disturbance On the Population Structure and Regeneration of Trees: A Case Study of Acacia xanthophloea (Benth) Woodland in Ol-Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART2018641, Volume 7 Issue 3, March 2018, 496 - 504, #ijsrnet

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