International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Double Blind Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis | Engineering | India | Volume 7 Issue 6, June 2018


Finite Element Based Vibration and Stability Analysis of Functionally Graded Rotating Shaft System under Thermal Environment

Durgesh Kumar Tripathi | Shiv Kumar Tripathi [6]


Abstract: The present work deals with the study of vibration and stability analyses of functionally graded (FG) spinning shaft system under thermal environment using three nodded beam element based on Timoshenko beam theory (TBT). Temperature field is assumed to be a uniform distribution over the shaft surface and varied in radial direction only. Material properties are assumed to be temperature dependent and graded in radial direction according to power law gradation and exponential law gradation respectively. In the present analysis, the mixture of Aluminum Oxide (Al2O3) and Stainless Steel (SUS304) is considered as FG material where metal contain (SUS304) is decreasing towards the outer diameter of shaft. The FG shafts are modeled as a Timoshenko beam by mounting discrete isotropic rigid disks on it and supported by flexible bearings that are modeled with viscous dampers and springs. Based on first order shear deformation (FOSD) beam theory with transverse shear deformation, rotary inertia, gyroscopic effect, strain and kinetic energy of shafts are derived by adopting three-dimensional constitutive relations of material. The derivation of governing equation of motion is obtained using Hamiltons principle and solutions are obtained by three-node finite element (FE) with four degrees of freedom (DOF) per node. . In this work the effects of both internal viscous and hysteretic damping have also been incorporated in the finite element model. A complete code has been developed using MATLAB program and validated with the existing results available in literatures. The analysis of numerical results reveals that temperature field and power law gradient index have a significance role on the materials properties (such as Young modulus, Poisson ratio, modulus of rigidity, coefficient of thermal expansion etc. ) of FG shaft. Various results have also been obtained such as Campbell diagram, stability speed limit (SLS), damping ratio and time responses for FG shaft due unbalance masses and also compared with conventional steel shaft. It has been found that the responses of the FG spinning shaft are significantly influenced by radial thickness, power law gradient index and internal (viscous and hysteretic) damping and temperature dependent material properties. The obtained results also show that the advantages of FG shaft over conventional steel shaft.


Keywords: Power law gradient index, Functionally graded shaft, Temperature dependent material properties, Viscous and hysteretic damping, Rotor-Bearing-shaft system, Finite element method, Campbell diagram, Damping ratio, stability speed limit SLS


Edition: Volume 7 Issue 6, June 2018,


Pages: 1540 - 1543


How to Cite this Article?

Durgesh Kumar Tripathi, Shiv Kumar Tripathi, "Finite Element Based Vibration and Stability Analysis of Functionally Graded Rotating Shaft System under Thermal Environment", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 7 Issue 6, June 2018, pp. 1540-1543, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART20183588

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