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Research Paper | Public Health Education | India | Volume 7 Issue 6, June 2018
Prevalence of Lifestyle Associated Risk Factors for NCDs among Young Male Population in Urban Slum at Mayapuri, New Delhi
Dr. Deepshikha Singh | Dr. Ajay Raj | Dr. J. Saminathan
Abstract: Non communicable diseases are considering as major public health issue among adults mostly attributed by unhealthy lifestyle and poor diet. The study aims to estimate the prevalence of selected risk factors of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) like smoking, high alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, low fruit and vegetable consumption, having condition like overweight and obesity, hypertension, and investigate the association of such factors with selected socio demographic factors among 20 -40-year-old male population of urban slum area of Mayapuri New Delhi. A household cross-sectional study was conducted during 2nd April 2017- 28th April 201 with random cluster sampling and with WHO STEP approach where 200 male participants with age range of 20-40 were selected for the study. High prevalence of NCDs risk factors were found as a result in which, smoking (39 %), alcohol consumption (60 %), low intake of fruits and vegetable (78 %), lake of physical activity (52 %) also framingham risk scores were found high in the selected population. In multivariable analysis, ageing and low education, were associated with tobacco and alcohol consumption and more than 60 % of total respondent lived with three or more risk factors of NCDs among the study population. Such factors can be prevented with proper prevention steps.
Keywords: Non Communicable Disease, Young population, Risk factors, Health awareness, Lifestyle related risks
Edition: Volume 7 Issue 6, June 2018,
Pages: 1437 - 1439
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