International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Double Blind Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




Downloads: 124

Research Paper | Geology | India | Volume 7 Issue 5, May 2018


Beach Placer Deposits of India, their Distribution, Mineralogy and Sustainable-Mining with Reference to Placer Ilmenite

Mokka Jagannadha Rao | U. P. N. Raju | G. Raja Rao [2] | K. S. S. Mounika


Abstract: In recent years the importance of placer minerals in modern technology has been realized. Technological development is aimed at strategic and economic applications which are mostly dependent on titanium, zirconium and rare earths, in the form of their metals / compounds or alloys. The placer deposits are the treasure houses for ilmenite, rutile, leucoxene all titanium minerals, zircon ore for zirconium and hafnium, monazite source for cerium, thorium and other light rare earths, garnet the most preferred abrasive and sillimanite an excellent refractory mineral. These minerals of economic importance have prompted the placer mineral deposits exploration and exploitation in this country. These deposits are identified along the East and West coasts of India and the total heavy mineral content (THM) of these placers ranges from 12 % to 15 % by weight. Out of these total heavy mineral content Ilmenite forms almost 40 % of the THM. However, the abundance of other minerals varies from deposit to deposit. The details pertaining to mineralogy, industrial uses and production figures of placers in general and ilmenite in particular, compared to other countries have been presented. The scenario of placer ilmenite at world level compared to Indian potential has been reviewed. An attempt is made to present the possible environmental impacts to be considered on the sensitive coastal ecosystem, before initiating mining and processing of these placer sand deposits. It is suggested that environmentally friendly methods of mining and processing may be insisted to reduce the impact on the environment


Keywords: Placers, ilmenite, mineralogy, environment, impact, beach, resources, THM


Edition: Volume 7 Issue 5, May 2018,


Pages: 1437 - 1443


How to Cite this Article?

Mokka Jagannadha Rao, U. P. N. Raju, G. Raja Rao, K. S. S. Mounika, "Beach Placer Deposits of India, their Distribution, Mineralogy and Sustainable-Mining with Reference to Placer Ilmenite", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 7 Issue 5, May 2018, pp. 1437-1443, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART20182614

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address




Similar Articles with Keyword 'ilmenite'

Downloads: 0

Research Paper, Geology, Albania, Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021

Pages: 1619 - 1622

Titanomagnetite Mineralization in Albania

Besnik AGO [3]

Share this Article

Downloads: 47

Research Paper, Geology, Ivory Coast, Volume 8 Issue 7, July 2019

Pages: 1493 - 1498

Spatial Distribution of Beach Sediments between Grand-Lahou and Jacqueville (Cote dIvoire): Granulometric and Mineralogical Approach

N'DOUFOU Gnosseith Huberson Claver | KOFFI Avy Stephane | SAIMON Aby Atse Mathurin

Share this Article


Top