List of Anti-Diabetic Plants: A Review
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

Review Papers | Pharmaceutical Science | India | Volume 6 Issue 11, November 2017

List of Anti-Diabetic Plants: A Review

B. Aruthra

Diabetes is a serious disease worldwide which may even lead to death. It is a metabolic disorder characterized by the increased blood glucose level. This condition is known as hyperglycemia. It is associated with various diseases like neuropathy, peripheral vascular diseases, retinopathy etc. Patients with diabetic experiences symptoms like polydipsia, polyuria, and weight loss, poor heeling, fatigue blurred vision etc. There are 3 types of diabetes mellitus. They are type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes. Increased blood glucose level is due to lack of insulin secretion. Insulin is a hormone secreted by beta cells of the Islets of Langerhans ofpancreas. Insulin act like a key which opens the cell membrane through which glucose from the bloodstream are absorbed and such glucose enters into the cellular metabolism in which it breakdowns into several compound and provides energy in the form of ATP. For several cellular metabolism glucose seems to be a starting compound. Breakdown of glucose is known as glycolysis. Complication in insulin secretion leads to diabetes. In nature, many plants have phytochemicals which has an ability to treat diabetes. Secondary metabolites are isolated from those medicinal plants and are being used in diabetic medicines. This review article, reviews some of the list of anti-diabetic plants which are commonly used to treat diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: Insulin, cellular metabolism, hyperglycemia, phytochemicals, diabetes mellitus, retinopathy, neuropathy

Edition: Volume 6 Issue 11, November 2017

Pages: 2191 - 2193

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B. Aruthra, "List of Anti-Diabetic Plants: A Review", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=ART20177080, Volume 6 Issue 11, November 2017, 2191 - 2193

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