International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Medicine Science | India | Volume 6 Issue 11, November 2017

A Study of Secondary Bacterial Infections in Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

Dr Anaz Azeez, Dr Akhil Pillai

One of the most commonly seen forms of Diabetes Mellitus in the young age group is the type 1. The genes responsible are pin pointed and is more commonly understood that the hereditary factor plays a very important role in the disease. Evidence from clinical studies and the recently progressive evidence based medicine is unable to understand the relations between diabetes and the mechanism in which it forms an immune compression is yet to be established. The reasons for this are many. One factor which is hindering the progression to understand the depth include incompletely defined abnormalities which are seen in cell mediated immunity and phagocyte function associated with high sugar serum levels and also upto some extent less vascular perfusion of the tissues which are vulnerable to the infections. Diabetes mellitus type 1 is associated with increased rates of infections. The patients also tend to have more frequency and severity of infections. High serum glucose levels in the serum acts as a rich nutrient medium and thus aids the colonization, nurtures and provides a very suitable environment and ultimately helps in the growth of pathogens. This study is intended to help the practicing pediatricians to understand the most common secondary infections that is evident and involved in Diabetes Mellitus Type 1. Methods Thirty patients who were freshly diagnosed diabetics were included in the study. The study was done in the Department of Pediatrics, Medical College,. . . The study was done from October 2015 to September 2016. Results The mean age of the population was found to be 9.45 years and the standard deviation was 5.34 years. In the study the total number of upper respiratory tract infection cases was found to be 2 and the Lower respiratory tract infection was found to be 1, The urinary tract infection was found to be in 2 patients, bacterial skin lesion was diagnosed in three patients, Fungal skin lesion in 2 patients and the systemic skin infections was found to in one patient. The patients who showed the positivity for symptoms were also checked for culture and the positive culture growth was documented and was further tested for significance. There was a strong association of the infections in the diabetic mellitus patients. (P<0.05) Conclusion Diabetes is successfully linked to the infections and the most common infections along with the association of the sugar level with the same has been proved successfully.

Keywords: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Fungus, Bacterial, Paracitic Infestations

Edition: Volume 6 Issue 11, November 2017

Pages: 1079 - 1081

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How to Cite this Article?

Dr Anaz Azeez, Dr Akhil Pillai, "A Study of Secondary Bacterial Infections in Diabetes Mellitus Type 1", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=ART20176673, Volume 6 Issue 11, November 2017, 1079 - 1081

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