International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Most Trusted Research Journal Since Year 2012

ISSN: 2319-7064

Case Studies | Medicine Science | India | Volume 6 Issue 8, August 2017

An Interesting Case of Occipital Neuralgia

Dr Desai VK, Dr Singh VP

AN INTERESTING CASE OF OCCIPITAL NEURALGIA Dr DESAI VK, DR SINGH VP Resident Doctor, Department of Medicine, SBKS MI&RC, Pipariya, Waghodia, Vadodara-391760, India, drvarunkdesai@gmail.com Professor, Department of Medicine, SBKS MI&RC, Pipariya, Waghodia, Vadodara-391760, India, docvp@gmail.com Occipital pain is a common complaint in patients with headache. The differential can include many primary headache disorders such as cervicogenic headache or migraine. Occipital neuralgia is an uncommon cause of occipital pain characterized by paroxysmal lancinating pain in the distribution of the greater, lesser or third occipital nerve. Incidence and prevalence rates are too low for this type of headache. Slight female predominance is present. Occipital neuralgia symptoms include aching, burning, and throbbing pain that is often unilateral and continuous with intermittent, shocking, shooting pain. The pain usually originates in the sub-occipital area and radiates to the posterior and/or lateral scalp. Few patients report retro-orbital pain on the affected side. Pain may also be perceived over the neck, temple, and frontal regions. Pressure over the occipital nerves may amplify the pain, but there is usually no clear trigger. Furthermore, some patients may have a positive Tinels sign over the occipital nerve. Occasionally, neck movements (eg, extension and rotation) may trigger pain. At times, patients with occipital neuralgia may experience symptoms similar to migraine or even autonomic changes characteristic of cluster headaches. Associated symptoms include posterior scalp paresthesias, photophobia, and dizziness. Many patients with occipital neuralgia report a cycle of pain-spasm-pain. Here we are reporting a young adult male who was diagnosed with occipital neuralgia due to its rarity. INTRODUCTION Occipital neuralgia is an uncommon cause of headache characterized by paroxysmal lancinating pain in the distribution of the greater, lesser or third occipital nerves. Incidence and prevalence rates are too low for this type of headache. Slight female predominance is present. Occipital neuralgia symptoms include aching, burning, or throbbing pain that is often unilateral and continuous with intermittent, shocking, shooting pain. The pain usually originates in the sub-occipital area and radiates to the posterior and/or lateral scalp. Few patients report retro-orbital pain on the affected side. Pain may also be perceived over the neck, temple, and frontal regions. Pressure over the occipital nerves may amplify the pain, but there is usually no clear trigger. Furthermore, some patients may have a positive Tinels sign over the occipital nerve. Occasionally, neck movements (e.g., extension and rotation) may trigger pain. At times, patients with occipital neuralgia may experience symptoms similar to migraine or even autonomic changes characteristic of cluster headaches. Associated symptoms include posterior scalp paresthesias, photophobia, and dizziness. Many patients with occipital neuralgia report a cycle of pain-spasm-pain. Though pain might be controlled with routine painkillers, few patients might require specific therapy in the form of nerve or ganglionic blockade. And for such patient, accurate diagnosis is required. Here we are reporting a young adult male who was diagnosed with occipital neuralgia, due to its rarity. CASE HISTORY A 32 years old male patient presented with chief complaints of headache since last three months. The episodes of headache would start in occipital region which would also involve the retro-orbital area. The pain was throbbing in nature, with moderate severity. Episodes had sudden onset, each would last about two to three hours, with frequency once a week. There was no history of any nausea, vomiting, photophobia, phonophobia, visual or auditory disturbances. There was no history of trauma. There was no history of watering or redness of eye, or nasal congestion during the episodes. There were no any triggering or relieving factors. There was no similar history in any family member. Physical examination was within normal limits. All routine investigations were within normal limits. X-ray of cervical spine was normal. Neuroimaging in the form of MRI brain with cervical spine was also normal. Patient was admitted for evaluation of headache. Occipital nerve blockade was given and it relieved the pain. Patient was diagnosed with occipital neuralgia ( idiopathic ). Patient was started on NSAID for relieving of pain as and when needed. He was also advised to start carbamazepine as preventive treatment by neurologist. Patient is symptomatically better and is now in remission. DISCUSSION Headache is one of the most frequent complaints among the patients visiting hospital especially for general medicine, psychiatric and neurology OPDs. Nearly 90 % of the population will experience headache at some point of their life. Occipital neuralgia is a rare headache type which may

Keywords: Occipital Neuralgia, Headache

Edition: Volume 6 Issue 8, August 2017

Pages: 1602 - 1603


How to Cite this Article?

Dr Desai VK, Dr Singh VP, "An Interesting Case of Occipital Neuralgia", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=ART20176278, Volume 6 Issue 8, August 2017, 1602 - 1603

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Case Studies, Medicine Science, India, Volume 6 Issue 8, August 2017

Pages: 1602 - 1603

An Interesting Case of Occipital Neuralgia

Dr Desai VK, Dr Singh VP

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