Concentration of Fluoride in Different Sources for Human Consumption in Kirkuk City-Northern Iraq
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064



Downloads: 117

Research Paper | Chemistry | Iraq | Volume 6 Issue 8, August 2017

Concentration of Fluoride in Different Sources for Human Consumption in Kirkuk City-Northern Iraq

Kameran Shakur Hussain

Throughout the world, dentists recognise that fluoride is the most effective caries-preventive agent. The major sources of exposure to fluoride are drinking water, dental products and food. In this study, the quantity of fluoride in the samples was analysed using a fluoride selective electrode. This study aimed to estimate the percentage of fluoride in seven types of toothpaste in the Iraqi market, tap water from seven different locations, eight brands of packaged drinking water and groundwater. The study found that the percentage of total fluoride (TF) was (1025.6543.73 ppm) in Iraqi commercial brands of toothpaste and the percentage of total soluble fluoride (TSF) was (996.6035.44 ppm) in packaged drinking water, (0.131 mg/L) in tap water and (0.144 mg/L) in groundwater. All the samples obtained from the study area were found to have a low quantity of fluoride (0.5 mg/l). None of the samples were within the permissible World Health Organization (WHO) standard for drinking water (0.51.5 mg/l).

Keywords: toothpaste, groundwater, drinking water, food, fluoride selective electrode

Edition: Volume 6 Issue 8, August 2017

Pages: 1103 - 1108

Share this Article

How to Cite this Article?

Kameran Shakur Hussain, "Concentration of Fluoride in Different Sources for Human Consumption in Kirkuk City-Northern Iraq", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=ART20176064, Volume 6 Issue 8, August 2017, 1103 - 1108

Enter Your Email Address




Similar Articles with Keyword 'groundwater'

Downloads: 106

Research Paper, Chemistry, Nigeria, Volume 5 Issue 8, August 2016

Pages: 1299 - 1304

Physico-Chemical Properties and Heavy Metals Content of Groundwater around a Municipal Dumpsite in Gombe, Nigeria

Sulaiman M. B., Maigari A. U.

Share this Article

Downloads: 117

Research Paper, Chemistry, Ivory Coast, Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014

Pages: 641 - 647

Speciation of Arsenic; Cadmium; Chrome and Lead in Gold Mining Environment (Cote deIvoire): Effect of pH and Redox Potential

Y.H.A. Yapi; B.K. Dongui; Y.S.S. Barima; Y.H. Essis; G.P. Atheba; A Trokourey

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'drinking water'

Downloads: 78 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Chemistry, India, Volume 9 Issue 10, October 2020

Pages: 1398 - 1400

Assessment of Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Drinking Water Sources in Winter at Manikpur, Chitrakoot (UP)

Dr. Pramod Kumar

Share this Article

Downloads: 80

Research Paper, Chemistry, Sudan, Volume 9 Issue 11, November 2020

Pages: 1639 - 1643

Physicochemical Properties of Ground Water from Elfarshaya Area, Southern Kordufan State, (Sudan)

A. Gobara, Yagoub Abdalla Ali

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'food'

Downloads: 45

Research Paper, Chemistry, Morocco, Volume 4 Issue 8, August 2015

Pages: 538 - 540

Moisture Transfer in Wood Packaging below the Fiber Saturation Point

Kawtar EL MOKHTARI; M'hammed EL KOUALI; Mohammed TALBI; Driss BORIKY; Abdlhak EL BROUZI

Share this Article

Downloads: 66

Research Paper, Chemistry, India, Volume 9 Issue 11, November 2020

Pages: 1000 - 1005

Adsorptive Removal of Some Pollutants from Industrial Effluent Using Eco-Friendly Biomaterial

Digvijay Singh Chauhan, Dr. Prabha Chauhan

Share this Article



Top