International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 50

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis | Medicine Science | India | Volume 6 Issue 8, August 2017


Alcohol and Tobacco Use among the HIV/TB Co-Infected Individuals: A Case of Nepal

Bhim Bahadur Subba 'Phudong'; Dr. Nirmal Rimal


Abstract: TB is the most common opportunistic infection among HIV infected individuals. Moreover, alcohol and tobacco use also facilitate to develop TB in patients with HIV. Both alcohol and tobacco use act as barrier to access preventive and therapeutic services of HIV/TB illness. The main objective of the study was to identify the effect of alcohol and tobacco use to access the health care services among HIV/TB co-infected individuals. Quantitative techniques were adopted to collect data in five districts ( Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari, Parsa, and Kavre) of Nepal. The study was conducted over one year period from May 2015 to April 2016. During the period 343 samples were enrolled above the age of 18 or older, who had history of HIV/TB co-infection. Convenient and snowballing sampling methods were used to collect the data till the desired sample size was reached. Pretested questionnaire was used to gather socio-demographic characteristics (residence, age, sex, marital status, religion) and behavior pattern (alcohol and smoking consumption) of respondents. This research used liner regression analysis and ANOVA test association among categorical variables. The result shows that the demographic variables only explain 13.9 % of the variation use of tobacco smoking and 7.2 % of variation of consumption of alcohol among HIV/TB co-infected individuals. The findings of ANOVA showed that there was significance difference (p=0.029) between alcohol consumption and ART/DOTS non-adherence. The study revealed that the prevalence of alcohol and smoking consumption was found among study population and both contributes significant difference between ART/DOTS non-adherence.


Keywords: Alcohol, tobacco use, HV, TB co-infection, ART, DOTS


Edition: Volume 6 Issue 8, August 2017,


Pages: 618 - 622


How to Cite this Article?

Bhim Bahadur Subba 'Phudong'; Dr. Nirmal Rimal, "Alcohol and Tobacco Use among the HIV/TB Co-Infected Individuals: A Case of Nepal", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART20175827, Volume 6 Issue 8, August 2017, 618 - 622

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address


Similar Articles with Keyword 'Alcohol'

Downloads: 113

Case Studies, Medicine Science, India, Volume 4 Issue 5, May 2015

Pages: 3187 - 3190

Marchiafava - Bignami Disease - A Case Report and a Brief Review of Literature

Dr. Vajed Mogal, Dr. Sarfaraz Mohammad, Dr. Amit Rathi, Dr. Kulin Seth

Share this Article

Downloads: 95

Research Paper, Medicine Science, India, Volume 3 Issue 4, April 2014

Pages: 550 - 557

Knowledge of Mental Illness among Caregivers of Alcoholics

Amol Desai, Mahadeo Shinde, Vaishali Mohite

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'tobacco use'

Downloads: 116

Research Paper, Medicine Science, India, Volume 4 Issue 2, February 2015

Pages: 1438 - 1442

A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module on Oral Health Hazards among Smokeless Tobacco Users in Selected Rural Area of Karad Taluka

Pradnya Santosh Kadam Msc. N, Prof. Avinash H. Salunkhe Msc. N

Share this Article

Downloads: 116

Research Paper, Medicine Science, India, Volume 5 Issue 2, February 2016

Pages: 1577 - 1582

Tobacco Use and its Correlates among Youth in a Northern Urban City of India

Devender Kumar, Anupam Parashar, Anita Thakur

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'HV'

Downloads: 116

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Medicine Science, Indonesia, Volume 5 Issue 10, October 2016

Pages: 1450 - 1463

Study of Hepatitis B Virus Desoxyribonucleic Acid in Blood Donors with Negative Hepatitis B Surface Antigen and Positive Anti Hepatitis B Surface

Dwi Yulia, Ellyza Nasrul, Nasrul Zubir, Yanwirasti

Share this Article

Downloads: 130

Research Paper, Medicine Science, Mongolia, Volume 8 Issue 3, March 2019

Pages: 760 - 767

Northeast Asia Interconnection and Energy Security

Namjil Enebish, Tsend Baatar

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'ART'

Downloads: 121 | Monthly Hits: ⮙1

Research Paper, Medicine Science, Spain, Volume 9 Issue 3, March 2020

Pages: 1620 - 1624

Hyperbolic Curves in Medicine and the Earths Magnetic Field

Jesus M. Gonzalez-Gonzalez

Share this Article

Downloads: 95

Research Paper, Medicine Science, Spain, Volume 9 Issue 11, November 2020

Pages: 234 - 239

Hyperbolic Medicine. A Space-Time Synchronization External to the Human

Jesus M. Gonzalez-Gonzalez

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'DOTS'

Downloads: 114

Research Paper, Medicine Science, India, Volume 5 Issue 2, February 2016

Pages: 1714 - 1719

A Retrospective Study of Probable Risk Factors for Default on Dots for Tuberculosis at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Western Maharashtra

Dr. Anita Saibannavar, Dr. Sanjay Desai

Share this Article

Downloads: 119

Research Paper, Medicine Science, India, Volume 5 Issue 5, May 2016

Pages: 817 - 820

A Study to Identify the Factors Influencing Quality of Life in Patients With Pulmonary Tuberculosis and to Develop A Self Instructional Module to Enhance the Quality of Life of Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Selected Dots Centres of Delhi

Shabana Khatun

Share this Article
Top