International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




Downloads: 121

Review Papers | Engineering | Zambia | Volume 6 Issue 7, July 2017


Review of Value Addition to Raw Copper in Zambia

Christopher Mulunda | Dr. Emmanuel Kabaso Musonda | Dr. Edwin Luwaya


Abstract: Zambias economy is mining dependent and is mainly negatively affected by the low global copper prices. Zambia is ranked the largest copper producer in Africa and seventh in the world. Zambia produces 70 % of Africas copper production which is very high-volume production, but in terms of value very low worth, only 0.04 % of worlds economy. This is the first stage of Value Addition. Typically, wealth realised out of first stage of Value Addition is very low and that have confined the country in poverty with the national head count poverty line rated at 60.5 per cent. This paper reviews the Value Addition to Coppermineral resourcein Zambia. Statistics indicate that Zambias economy is mainly made of exporting refined copper and raw copper accounting for 68.3 % of Gross Domestic Product. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) can be increased to the power of two of the current one if the cross-Stage Value Addition was implemented. Zambia could have earned 524.35 billion US Dollars if it had engaged in the production of Litz wire representing 19.4 times more than she earned. The higher prices of the products in the second and third Stages of Value Addition answer the questions why Zambia has remained poor despite being the leader in the first stage of value addition. The values obtained from the mathematical Model that estimates the worthy of the product if the cross -Stage Value Addition was implemented indicate that value addition to refined copper can turn around Zambias economy and thereby reducing the National head count poverty line rate which is currently at 60.5 %.


Keywords: Value Addition, Stage value worth, technology


Edition: Volume 6 Issue 7, July 2017,


Pages: 779 - 784

Review of Value Addition to Raw Copper in Zambia


How to Cite this Article?

Christopher Mulunda, Dr. Emmanuel Kabaso Musonda, Dr. Edwin Luwaya, "Review of Value Addition to Raw Copper in Zambia", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART20175117, Volume 6 Issue 7, July 2017, 779 - 784, #ijsrnet

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address




Similar Articles with Keyword 'technology'

Downloads: 94

Research Paper, Engineering, Turkey, Volume 7 Issue 1, January 2018

Pages: 1714 - 1716

Students Performance in Digital Electronic Design: A Comparison between Two Education Techniques, Project Based Learning and Micro-Learning

Diaeddeen Elmezoghi | Can Doan Vurdu

Share this Article

Downloads: 100

Review Papers, Engineering, Tanzania, Volume 8 Issue 12, December 2019

Pages: 1325 - 1331

A Review of Municipal Solid Waste Gasification Technologies for Possible Fixed Bed Hybridization

Robert Eliraison Moshi | Thomas Thomas Kivevele | Yusufu Abeid Chande Jande

Share this Article


Top