Research Paper | Biological Sciences | India | Volume 6 Issue 4, April 2017
Preliminary Phytochemical Screening of Seeds and Leaves of Hydnocarpus Wightiana Blume
Abstract: Hydnocarpus Wightiana Blume is an Indian traditional plant used in treating diabetes. Chaulmoogra Oil is obtained from the seeds and has been used in treating leprosy from past twenty years. Hydnocarpus Wightiana Blume posses strong antioxidant, -glucosidase inhibitory activity. The ethanolic extract of the seeds and leaves also have the chemical constituents like luteolin, hydnocarpin which are responsible for having free radical scavenging nature. The Phytochemical screening of the seeds and leaves of Hydnocarpus Wightiana Blume showed a considerable amount of tannins, phenol, Saponin, flavonoids, glycosides and steroids were found in the aqueous and methanolic extracts while a very less amount of phytochemicals were found in ethonalic extracts. The presence of alkaloid has seen in methanolic and aqueous extract but less in ethonalic extracts. Carbohydrate was absent in methanolic and ethanolic extracts but a small amount was found in aquous extracts. Glycoside is present in varying proportion in methanol, aqueous and ethanol extract. From The Phytochemical analysis I found that the extract has the antoxidant property and antidiabetic property and further the assay could be carried out to see the quantitative presence of phytochemical comppounds. This phytochemical constituents can further be analysed for antidiabetic property. The main aim of the research was to select Hydnocarpus Wightiana Blume based on its traditionally use for various ailments like leprosy, anti-oxidant, secondary syphilis, rheumatism ophthalmic, the folklore claim of Hydnocarpus Wightiana Blume shows that it is having antioxidant properties and antidiabetic activity. Hence to identify and prove an excellent drug, the present investigation aims to carry out preliminary phytochemical studies and pharmacological screening to support the folklore claim on the basis of of scientific background Hydnocarpus wightiana blume was chosen in the present investigation because it has been advocated to possess the antidiabetic and antileprotic property but it has not been screened for the active principle and has been only studied on crude extract hence to further track the active principle the above mentioned plant was used.
Keywords: phytochemical, antioxidant, , antidiabetic, HYDNOCARPUS WIGHTIANA BLUME
Edition: Volume 6 Issue 4, April 2017,
Pages: 998 - 1000
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