The Effect of Sleep Duration on Salivary Growth Hormone and Dental Occlusion in Relation to Height Status among Kindergarten Children
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

Informative Article | Medicine and Dentistry | Iraq | Volume 6 Issue 4, April 2017

The Effect of Sleep Duration on Salivary Growth Hormone and Dental Occlusion in Relation to Height Status among Kindergarten Children

Meena O. Abdul Wadood

Background Sleep means relaxation and rest, it is an essential biological process that is required on a daily basis for all humans regardless of sex, age or ethnic origin, sleep deprivation is becoming most common in today's society compared to a few decades ago, short sleep duration adversely impacts human health. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of sleep duration on preschool children growth and their dental occlusion. Material and Methods The sample composed of 150 children of 5 years old who were selected from different kindergartens in Baghdad. The children were divided into two groups according to sleep duration per day. For salivary Human Growth Hormone (HGH) identification, the unstimulated salivary sample was collected from 80 children under standardized condition then analyzed for assessment of HGH level. The occlusal assessment was carried out with the teeth in centric occlusion then height for age Z-score was calculated. Results The results reported that the mean value of salivary HGH was lower among children with 7-9 sleeping hr./day than children with 10-12 sleeping hr./day with statistically highly significant difference (P< 0.01). Concerning each gender the same highly significant difference finding was recorded (P< 0.01). The relation between salivary HGH concentration and sleeping hr./day showed strong highly significant relation in positive direction for preschool children with 7-9 sleeping hr./day, for preschool children with 10-12 sleeping hr./day, and for total sample. The findings showed that 35.8% of preschool children with 7-9 sleeping hr./day had a distal step, followed by 12.6% and 1.3% preschool children had flash terminal plane and mesial step respectively, while 33.8% of preschool children with 10-12 sleeping hr./day had a mesial step, followed by 10.6% and 5.3% preschool children had flash terminal plane and distal step respectively. The results reported that the mean value of HAZ was highly significantly lower among children with 7-9 sleeping hr./day than children with 10-12 sleeping hr./day (P< 0.01). Concerning each gender the same finding was recorded with statistically highly significant difference (P< 0.01). For preschool children with 7-9 sleeping hr./day, the relation between HAZ and sleeping hr./day was weak non-significant in positive direction. For preschool children with 10-12 sleeping hr./day, the relation between HAZ and sleeping hr. /day was weak non- significant in negative direction. For total preschool children, the relation between HAZ and sleeping hr./day was highly significant in positive direction. The results also showed that the percentage of HAZ above average (above 1 SD), with average (0 SD) and below Average (below -1 SD) were 13.3%, 50.7% and 17.3 respectively, with 13.3% and 5.3% children were suffer from stunting and sever stunting (below -2 SD and -3 SD of the reference CDC population) respectively among preschool children with7-9 sleeping hr./day, while the percentage of HAZ above average (above 1 SD), with average (0 SD) and below average (below -1 SD) were 41.3%, 56% and 2.7% respectively, with no children were suffer from stunting or sever stunting among preschool children with 10-12 sleeping hr./day. Conclusions The findings of the present study showed that the sleep duration per day might affect children growth and their dental occlusion.

Keywords: Sleep, Growth Hormone, Height, Occlusion

Edition: Volume 6 Issue 4, April 2017

Pages: 1350 - 1355

Share this Article

How to Cite this Article?

Meena O. Abdul Wadood, "The Effect of Sleep Duration on Salivary Growth Hormone and Dental Occlusion in Relation to Height Status among Kindergarten Children", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=ART20172530, Volume 6 Issue 4, April 2017, 1350 - 1355

69 PDF Views | 66 PDF Downloads

Download Article PDF



Similar Articles with Keyword 'Sleep'

Review Papers, Medicine and Dentistry, India, Volume 6 Issue 7, July 2017

Pages: 1936 - 1939

Medical Management of Bruxism

Karpaga Preethitha.S

Share this Article

Informative Article, Medicine and Dentistry, Iraq, Volume 6 Issue 4, April 2017

Pages: 1350 - 1355

The Effect of Sleep Duration on Salivary Growth Hormone and Dental Occlusion in Relation to Height Status among Kindergarten Children

Meena O. Abdul Wadood

Share this Article

Research Paper, Medicine and Dentistry, India, Volume 8 Issue 9, September 2019

Pages: 797 - 799

Effect of Shift Work on Blood Pressure!

Dr Ajeesh Koshy, Dr Roshan M

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Height'

Case Studies, Medicine and Dentistry, India, Volume 7 Issue 4, April 2018

Pages: 1634 - 1638

Richmond's Crown: The Ancient Dental Art

Dr. Gunjan Shah, Dr. Chinmay Patel, Dr. Kruti Kachoriya, Dr. Kamal Bagda, Dr. Kailash Attur, Dr. Payal Patel

Share this Article

Informative Article, Medicine and Dentistry, Iraq, Volume 6 Issue 4, April 2017

Pages: 1350 - 1355

The Effect of Sleep Duration on Salivary Growth Hormone and Dental Occlusion in Relation to Height Status among Kindergarten Children

Meena O. Abdul Wadood

Share this Article

Case Studies, Medicine and Dentistry, India, Volume 6 Issue 12, December 2017

Pages: 687 - 691

Implant Placement after Sinus Augmentation with Hydroxyapatite Bone Graft and Platelet Rich Fibrin Membrane Closure: A Report of 2 Cases

Mamthashri V

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Occlusion'

Informative Article, Medicine and Dentistry, Iraq, Volume 6 Issue 4, April 2017

Pages: 1350 - 1355

The Effect of Sleep Duration on Salivary Growth Hormone and Dental Occlusion in Relation to Height Status among Kindergarten Children

Meena O. Abdul Wadood

Share this Article

Case Studies, Medicine and Dentistry, Indonesia, Volume 8 Issue 2, February 2019

Pages: 735 - 738

Management of Right Parasymphysis and Condylus Mandible Fracture with Combination Open and Closed Reduction: A Case Report

Fajar Rezandaru, Endang Syamsudin, Winarno Priyanto, Fathurachman

Share this Article

Case Studies, Medicine and Dentistry, India, Volume 8 Issue 6, June 2019

Pages: 862 - 864

Correction of Midline Diastema - A Quick and Simplified Approach

Rodrigues Lishoy, Jamenis Shilpa, Kadam Aljeeta, Shaikh Almas

Share this Article

Case Studies, Medicine and Dentistry, Indonesia, Volume 8 Issue 2, February 2019

Pages: 1405 - 1411

Anterior Crowding Treatment with Interproximal Enamel Reduction (IER) Technique of Orthodontics Treatment: Case Report

Selvia Yunita, Eriska Riyanti

Share this Article

Case Studies, Medicine and Dentistry, Indonesia, Volume 8 Issue 2, February 2019

Pages: 1400 - 1404

Interceptive Ortodontics Using Growth Modification Method with Twin Block Functional Appliance: A Case Report

Vidyana Pratiwi, Iwan Ahmad

Share this Article
Top