Impact of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 on Oral Health among Out Patient Department of Saveetha Dental College and Hospital
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

Research Paper | Diabetology | India | Volume 5 Issue 8, August 2016

Impact of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 on Oral Health among Out Patient Department of Saveetha Dental College and Hospital

Vaishnavi Sivakali Subramanian, Dr. Preetha

AimTo assess the impact of diabetes mellitus type 2 on oral health. Objective Diabetes can also affect affect overall bodily health which also includes your oral health. Therefore this study is conducted thereby to assess the oral health problems associated with diabetes mellitus type 2. Background Diabetes affects bodys ability to utilize the glucose or blood sugar for energy. Diabetes can cause many complication. These include nerve damage, stroke, heart disease, kidney disease and even blindness. Another common health complication is gum disease and other oral disease. Methods Thirty patients were selected from the clinic of Saveetha Dental College for this study. All patients underwent a comprehensive oral examination performed by a single dentist which included evaluation of bleeding gums, periodontitis and decayed and missing teeth. With the help of these indices, we were able to determine the oral health status of the selected 30 patients. Periodontal health status of the patients were determined with the help of GI, PDI, and PI. And the dental carries status was determined by DMFT. Collected data were analyzed with the help of SPSS software. Data were presented as numbers (n) and percentage ( %). The sample were analyzed by frequency test. Result From the statistical analysis we can interpret that the patients with T2DM (type 2 diabetes mellitus) are very much prone to oral diseases which are marked by increased periodontal disease and gingivitis and poor plaque status. Due to chronic periodontal disease, there is a progress in destruction of supporting tissue of teeth as well as pocket formation, recession or both which may lead to tooth loss because of destruction of alveolar bone. Conclusion As a conclusion of this study, we can conclude that diabetic patients are much prone to oral disease. Periodontal disease is most commonly occurring among T2DM.This study clearly depicts that Diabetes increases the risk of periodontal disease.

Keywords: T2 Diabetes Mellitus, Oral health, periodontitis, oral health indices, gingival index, periodontal and plaque index

Edition: Volume 5 Issue 8, August 2016

Pages: 88 - 91

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How to Cite this Article?

Vaishnavi Sivakali Subramanian, Dr. Preetha, "Impact of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 on Oral Health among Out Patient Department of Saveetha Dental College and Hospital", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=ART2016780, Volume 5 Issue 8, August 2016, 88 - 91

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