Current Trend of Corneal Ulcer In Patients Attending a Tertiary Healthcare Centre
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

Case Studies | Medical Surgical | India | Volume 5 Issue 7, July 2016

Current Trend of Corneal Ulcer In Patients Attending a Tertiary Healthcare Centre

Dr. Tapan Gogoi, Dr. Sikha Deori, Dr. Shilpa Gupta

Purpose To study the epidemiological characteristics and etiology of corneal ulcer at a tertiary healthcare centre of upper Assam. Materials and Methods The present prospective hospital based study was carried out on 60 consecutive corneal ulcer cases attending outpatient and admitted in in-patient department of ophthalmology, Assam Medical College. After clinical and slit-lamp bio-microscopic examination, corneal scrapings were collected from all the corneal ulcer cases and subjected to microscopy and culture. Results Out of 60 consecutive patients having keratitis, 37 (61.66 %) were found to be culture positive. Rate of detection of bacterial, fungal and mixed growth were respectively 32.43 %, 59.48 % and 5.40 %. Patients from rural background constitute 71.6 % (43).Ocular trauma 51 (85 %) was the most common predisposing factor followed by acute and chronic dacryocystitis 4 (6.66 %) and diabetes- mellitus 3 (5 %). Bamboo stick injuries accounted for 19 (37.25 %) cases followed by injuries by paddy leaves 10 (19.6 %) and tea leaves 8 (15.6 %).Out of 12 bacterial isolates, Streptococcus pneumonia 4 (33.3 %) was predominant followed by Staphylococcus Aureus 3 (25 %).Out of the fungal isolates, 9 (40.9 %) were Fusarium species followed by 6 (27.27 %) Aspergillus species. Conclusions Fungi are the major cause of corneal ulcer in the rural population of Assam with ocular trauma being the major risk factor.

Keywords: Assam, corneal ulcer, ocular trauma, bacteria, fungi

Edition: Volume 5 Issue 7, July 2016

Pages: 68 - 71

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Dr. Tapan Gogoi, Dr. Sikha Deori, Dr. Shilpa Gupta, "Current Trend of Corneal Ulcer In Patients Attending a Tertiary Healthcare Centre", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=ART201674, Volume 5 Issue 7, July 2016, 68 - 71

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