Contribution to the Knowledge of Martiniques Flora (Lesser Antilles)
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

Research Paper | Ecology | Martinique | Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2017

Contribution to the Knowledge of Martiniques Flora (Lesser Antilles)

Kevine Baillard, Philippe Joseph

In tropical island systems, the mesological factors have led to great environmental diversification. These specificities have resulted in a high ecosystemic and specific diversity. In Martinique, as in the other islands of the Lesser Antilles, the rainfall gradients defined the bioclimates. Each bioclimate corresponds to a vegetation floor composed of groups or populations of preponderant species. The phytocenoses observable today in Martinique are called secondary and belong to different dynamic stages. This vegetation is the result of the various human activities which succeeded one another from the colonial period to the present day. The primary vegetation has been strongly modified in favour of intensive monocultures on which the plantation economy was based. Todays secondary vegetation is subject to many pressures linked to demography and multiple human activities. As a result, much of Martiniques plant formations are in little advanced stages. Irrespective of the bioclimate, they are composed of individuals in morphogenetic development accompanied by some mature specimens belonging to a previous dynamic stage. The purpose of this article is to show the organization of plant species communities within the different bioclimatic stages.

Keywords: Lesser Antilles, Martinique, Bioclimates, Forest ecosystems, Plant formations

Edition: Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2017

Pages: 2230 - 2247

Share this Article

How to Cite this Article?

Kevine Baillard, Philippe Joseph, "Contribution to the Knowledge of Martiniques Flora (Lesser Antilles)", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=ART20164658, Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2017, 2230 - 2247

110 PDF Views | 58 PDF Downloads

Download Article PDF



Similar Articles with Keyword 'Lesser Antilles'

Research Paper, Ecology, Martinique, Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2017

Pages: 2230 - 2247

Contribution to the Knowledge of Martiniques Flora (Lesser Antilles)

Kevine Baillard, Philippe Joseph

Share this Article

Research Paper, Ecology, Martinique, Volume 4 Issue 11, November 2015

Pages: 1151 - 1164

The Final Stages of Vegetal Dynamics in the Lesser Antilles (A Few Theories)

Philippe Joseph

Share this Article

Research Paper, Ecology, Martinique, Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016

Pages: 466 - 477

Contribution to the Knowledge of the Vegetation Dynamics Processes in the Lesser Antilles

Philippe JOSEPH

Share this Article
Top