International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Research Paper | Nursing | Indonesia | Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2017


The Effectiveness of Warm Vinegar Compress in Lowering Children Body Temperature with Acute Febrile Illness

Sumy Dwi Antono


Abstract: Fever is the body's response to disease by pyrogens and is characterized by an increase in set-point and activity of immune complex, set-point is the value of the critical temperature ranging from a temperature of 37.1 ? C, someone is said to get a fever when their body temperature is above normal body temperature, 37.5 ? C. The purpose of this study is to determine the influence of warm vinegar compresses on children's body temperature with acute fever. The research design is Quasi Experimental with pre-test and post-test design. The research subjects are 36 pediatric patients who experienced an acute febrile. The data were analyzed in univariate manner, to see the development of temperature after treatment, the data were presented in tabular form. Bivariate analysis is used to compare pre-test and post- test and also paired samples t test, to analyze the results of experiments on the presence or absence of the influence of warm vinegar compresses and warm compresses on children's body temperature with acute fever. T test independent testing is to analyze differences. The average decrease of temperature in the group given warm water compress is 0.9? C, from the results of this research. While, the average decrease in the group given warm vinegar compress is 1.4? C. Based on the result of statistical test Paired Samples t-test, the researcher obtained data from the treatment of warm water compresses with the value of t = 16.047, p-value ? 0, it means that there is a significant difference in the average decrease in children body temperature with warm water compresses treatment. Based on the result of statistical test Paired Samples t-test, the researcher obtained data from the treatment of warm vinegar compresses with the value of t = 16.047, p-value ? 0, so there is a significant difference in the average decrease in children body temperature with warm vinegar treatment. Based on the result of statistical tests Independent t-test, the researcher obtained data from the treatment of warm water compresses compared to warm vinegar compress with the value of t = -4.738, p-value ? 0, so to conclude there are significant differences on giving warm vinegar compresses and warm compress in 15 minutes. Warm vinegar compress is more effective than warm water compress to lower children's temperature with acute fever. In conclusion, there is a significant difference in average of decreased children's body temperature to warm vinegar compresses and warm water compresses. There is influence of warm vinegar compresses on children's body temperature changes with acute fever. There is a significant difference in average of decreased children's body temperature to warm vinegar compresses and warm water compresses, with a greater average decrease in body temperature in the treatment of warm vinegar compress than warm water compresses. Further researchers are recommended to concern more on the factors that influence fever in children so confounding variables can be controlled.


Keywords: compresses, warm vinegar, warm water, acute fever in children


Edition: Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2017,


Pages: 1820 - 1827


How to Cite this Article?

Sumy Dwi Antono, "The Effectiveness of Warm Vinegar Compress in Lowering Children Body Temperature with Acute Febrile Illness", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2017, pp. 1820-1827, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART20164539

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