International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Research Paper | Public Health Education | Kenya | Volume 7 Issue 3, March 2018


Examining the Status of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Primary Schools of Kawangware Slums in Dagoretti Sub-County, Nairobi County, Kenya

Negassa Chali | Kariuki John | Some Eliab


Abstract: This study attempted to answer the availability of adequate safe water supply, the availability of adequate sanitation facilities in the 21 schools and the proportion of hygiene awareness, practice and attitude among the pupils drown and interviewed from the 6 schools. The study employed a cross-sectional survey, multistage cluster, with computer aided random sampling technique. Questionnaires and observation were used to collect data. After analysis of collected data, only 28.6 % had adequate water supply as per WHO standard (p=0.0003) with no Point of Use Water Treatment (PoUWT) practiced and very few 31.3 % (p=0.000) Drinking Water Points (DWPs).42.8 % (p=0.0002) and 19 % (p=0.0008) Schools satisfied the minimum standard of latrine to pupils ratio for boys and girls respectively, only 27.5 % boys 35 % girls toilets were found to be clean. Hand Washing Facilities (HWFs) were available in 52.5 % of the schools accounting to only11.5 % expected to be there (p=0.0000). Hygiene education was reported available in 95.2 % of the schools but only 9.5 % could correctly respond to the 4 knowledge based questionnaires, 18.5 % to 9 practice based and 44.4 % rated the School Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (SWASH) facilities in their schools as satisfactory and good. In general, the study indicates a lot is to be done both in the hardware (SWASH facilities) and in the software (awareness creation) aspects of the general SWASH program in the whole Dagoretti sub-county.


Keywords: Water, Sanitation, Hygiene, Status, Diarrhea, Standard


Edition: Volume 7 Issue 3, March 2018,


Pages: 1658 - 1667

Examining the Status of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Primary Schools of Kawangware Slums in Dagoretti Sub-County, Nairobi County, Kenya


How to Cite this Article?

Negassa Chali, Kariuki John, Some Eliab, "Examining the Status of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Primary Schools of Kawangware Slums in Dagoretti Sub-County, Nairobi County, Kenya", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART20164075, Volume 7 Issue 3, March 2018, 1658 - 1667, #ijsrnet

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