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Case Studies | Physiotherapy | India | Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016
A Case Study: Conventional Physical Therapy and Electrical Stimulation in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Patient
Dr Niyati N. Patel
Abstract: Introduction Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is inherited as an X-linked recessive disorder (Xp21) of muscle characterized by progressive muscle weakness, intellectual impairment, and psuedohypertrophy and wasting of skeletal muscles, smooth and cardiac muscle. Prevalence according to Indian Association of Muscular Dystrophy 30 cases per 1, 00, 000 in India. Case presentation 8 years male had difficulty in walking and playing, difficulty in sit to stand, frequently respiratory infection, pain in calf region. Patient had started physiotherapy treatment with electrical stimulation for both lower limb muscles. Management and outcome In exercise stretching exercise, strengthening exercise, breathing exercise, endurance training, electrical stimulation, hand held dynamometer, North Star ambulant scale. Discussion Exercise and electrical stimulation were improve in the lower Limb muscles strength & NSAA Score for the lower limb function following intervention was observed in the patient. Conclusion Exercise and electrical stimulation were used for lower limb muscle strength and functional improvement. So there was improved both the lower limb muscle strength which was examined by hand held dynamo meter and functional improvement was examined by North Star ambulant scale. So there was seen improvement in daily activities.
Keywords: Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Electrical Stimulation, hand held dynamometer, North Star Ambulatory Assessment, physical therapy
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016,
Pages: 42 - 44
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