International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 116

Research Paper | Physiology Science | Egypt | Volume 5 Issue 8, August 2016


Effect of Un-Ionized Ammonia (NH3) on Oreochromis niloticus Physiological Status with a Probiotic Treatment Trial

Salama N. A., Nora F. Ghanim, Abada A. E., Sherif A. H.


Abstract: The possible effects of un-ionized ammonia (UIA-N) on the physiological status of Oreochromis niloticus reprersented by blood indices, total erythrocyte count (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb) concentration, white blood cells count (WBC), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), packed cell volume (PCV), glucose and cortisol as well as survival rate (SR) were examined. Moreover, liver enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), as well as antioxidant enzymes glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in addition to creatinine, hepatosomatic index (HSI), spleenosomatic index (SSI) were tested. Furthermore, the possibility of using a probiotic (micropan) 5mg/L for remediating the expected ammonia stress was investigated. One hundred and fifty fish were divided into 5 groups, 30 fish each with three replicates. The first was considered as a control group and the remaining groups were subjected to 0.1 mg/L-1 UIA-N, 0.1 mg/L-1 UIA-N plus 5 mg/L probiotics, 0.5 mg/L-1 UIA-N and 0.5 mg/L-1 UIA-N plus 5 mg/L probiotics, respectively. The results showed that all the examined blood indices (except MCV and MCH), HSI and SR had significant reversible relationship (P 0.05) with UIA-N concentration. Controversially, liver enzymes (ALT, AST), antioxidants (GPX and SOD), SSI, glucose, cortisol and creatinine had significant proportional relationship (P 0.05). Meanwhile, probiotic treatments resulted in an obvious relieve of the fish physiological status. It could be concluded that the tested probiotics concentration helped to relieve the harmful effects of UIA-N especially with low UIA-N concentrations, hence prolonging the suitability of the aquacultures water


Keywords: un-ionized ammonia, Oreochromis niloticus, physiological status, probiotics


Edition: Volume 5 Issue 8, August 2016,


Pages: 1907 - 1915


How to Cite this Article?

Salama N. A., Nora F. Ghanim, Abada A. E., Sherif A. H., "Effect of Un-Ionized Ammonia (NH3) on Oreochromis niloticus Physiological Status with a Probiotic Treatment Trial", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=ART20161344, Volume 5 Issue 8, August 2016, 1907 - 1915

How to Share this Article?

Enter Your Email Address


Similar Articles with Keyword 'Oreochromis'

Downloads: 103

Research Paper, Physiology Science, India, Volume 5 Issue 2, February 2016

Pages: 2163 - 2166

Osmotic Response of Cortisol Treated Fresh Water Fish ? Oreochromis mossambicus Exposed to Pesticides

Jensy Roshan F, Dr. Anila George

Share this Article

Downloads: 127

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Physiology Science, Kenya, Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015

Pages: 657 - 662

Determination of Age of Oreochromis niloticus Fry After Hatching for Efficiency of 17-α Methyltestosterone on Sex Reversal

Peter Gudo Ogira, David Liti, James Wanga

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'physiological'

Downloads: 94

Research Paper, Physiology Science, Ivory Coast, Volume 5 Issue 11, November 2016

Pages: 1936 - 1941

Effects of Aqueous Extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae) on the Cardiac Contraction of Rat and Research of the Mechanism of Action

Mea Arsene, Abo K.J.C., Kassi Yomalan

Share this Article

Downloads: 101

Review Papers, Physiology Science, India, Volume 3 Issue 3, March 2014

Pages: 716 - 717

Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Cardiac Arrhythmias

Shobana K.

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'status'

Downloads: 103

Research Paper, Physiology Science, Tunisia, Volume 3 Issue 9, September 2014

Pages: 756 - 761

Kinetics of Oxidative Stress Markers at Rest and in Response to Aerobic and Acute Exercise in Judokas Men

Kais Elabed, Khaled Trabelsi

Share this Article

Downloads: 103

Research Paper, Physiology Science, Iraq, Volume 6 Issue 6, June 2017

Pages: 2804 - 2807

Hormonal and Physiological Salivary Changes in Sample of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Mohanad Ali, Shatha Q. Jawad

Share this Article
Top