Availability of Browse Plants to Goats Fed with Napier Grass: Voluntary Feed Intake and Effects on Body Weight
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

Research Paper | Agricultural Engineering | Malaysia | Volume 6 Issue 5, May 2017

Availability of Browse Plants to Goats Fed with Napier Grass: Voluntary Feed Intake and Effects on Body Weight

Meriksa Sembiring, Ahmad SalihinHj Baba, Donatus Dahang

Plants with varying level of tannins were offered to goats 4-6 months old fed with napier grass (Pennisetumpurpureum) and palm kernel cake (PKC) -based pellet. Voluntary feed intake (VFI) of offered plants on the 3rd week of feeding was highest for Artocarpusheterophyllus and Leucaenaleucocephala (48 and 36 g/kg0.75 body weight (BW) ). Sapiumbaccatum, Brachiariadecumbens, Micaniamicrantha and Musa sp. had VFI of 34, 33, 33 and 31 g/kg0.75 BW respectively whereas VFI for Cyprus kyllinga, Melastomamalabathricum and Dilleniasuffruticosa were amongst the lowest (24, 22 and 20 g/kg0.75 BW respectively). Animals offered with L. leucocephala and A. heterophyllushad increased BW gain (8.8 and 7.9 kg respectively, p<0.05) whereas M. malabathricum and D. suffruticosafed animals had reduced BW gain (5.6 and 5.8 kg respectively, (p<0.05) ) compared to the BW gain of napier grass fed animals (6.9 kg).A.heterophyllus, L.leucocephala, S. baccatum, C. kyllinga, and M. malabathricumcontain measurable condensed tannin (7.4, 2.6, 6.8, 5.6 and 2.7 mg/gDM respectively) whereas hydrolysable tannin was highest in M. malabathricumand D. suffruticosa (187 and 143 mg/g DM respectively).The use of browse plants containing tannins to manipulateVFI and growth may be beneficial if consumed between 3-7 weeks to avoid cumulative negative effects of plant secondary compounds on BWG.

Keywords: browse plants, condensed tannin, hydrolysable tannin, feed intake, body weight gain

Edition: Volume 6 Issue 5, May 2017

Pages: 2507 - 2513

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Meriksa Sembiring, Ahmad SalihinHj Baba, Donatus Dahang, "Availability of Browse Plants to Goats Fed with Napier Grass: Voluntary Feed Intake and Effects on Body Weight", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=9051704, Volume 6 Issue 5, May 2017, 2507 - 2513

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