Normal Values of Hemoglobin A1c among Women in Khartoum State: (A Pilot Study, 2016)
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 119 | Weekly Hits: ⮙3

Research Paper | Physiology Science | Sudan | Volume 6 Issue 9, September 2017

Normal Values of Hemoglobin A1c among Women in Khartoum State: (A Pilot Study, 2016)

Fatima Ahmed Fadul, Hisham Mohammed Abdelrhim, Ibrahim Abdelrhim Ali, Omer Abdelaziz Musa

Introduction Currently no local studies have been conducted to investigate the normal reference range of HbA1C in Sudanese women, and the normal reference range of HbA1C is obtained from international data.These data were largely based on western population which is different from Sudan in their environment, ethnic groups, nutritional habitsand body mass index.Most of the studies about HbA1Cconducted in Sudan generally or Khartoum state specifically were concentratingon abnormal HbA1Crather than the normal values. Objectives The research aimed to measure the normal values of haemoglobin A1C in Sudanese women living in Khartoum State during the period from May 2016 to July 2016, and to compare the normal values of HbA1C in Sudanese women to that found in international references andto determine the relation between HbA1C level and Hb level in non diabetic Sudanese women in Khartoum state. Methods A cross sectional, community based study was conducted in Khartoum state during May 2016 to July 2016 among healthy Sudanese adults, non-diabetic female volunteers above 30 years old. Twenty women were included as a pilot. After their consent they were assessed via a questionnaire covering age, occupation, chronic illness, menstrual cycle, pregnancy, number of kids, exercise, daily caloric intake for the last three days and smoking history. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using BMI formula based on metric unit by measuring weight and height. BMI= weight (kg) / height2 (m2). Arterial blood pressure was checked for each volunteer to exclude hypertension. Blood samples were analyzed for FBG (to exclude DM), Hb level and glycosylated hemoglobin level by colorimetric reaction using machine TWIN A1C analyzer. Correlations between the variables were estimated and P value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The mean of HbA1c was found to be 3.43 % +1.17 with a range of (1.4 % - 5.3 %). There was no correlation between Normal FBG, Hb level, daily caloric intake, age and the level of HbA1c. The mean of the BMI was 25.09 with a maximum of 31.9 and a minimum of 16.46 with no correlation between HbA1c and BMI. The mean of HbA1c in physically active participants was 3.9 % (+0.9) and in the non active participants was 3.1 % (+1.3). Conclusion According to this study the normal values of HbA1c in Sudanese women is found to be different from the international values.

Keywords: HbA1c, Hb, FBG, BMI, DM

Edition: Volume 6 Issue 9, September 2017

Pages: 352 - 357

Share this Article

How to Cite this Article?

Fatima Ahmed Fadul, Hisham Mohammed Abdelrhim, Ibrahim Abdelrhim Ali, Omer Abdelaziz Musa, "Normal Values of Hemoglobin A1c among Women in Khartoum State: (A Pilot Study, 2016)", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=5091705, Volume 6 Issue 9, September 2017, 352 - 357

Enter Your Registered Email Address





Similar Articles with Keyword 'HbA1c'

Downloads: 107 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙10

Research Paper, Physiology Science, Egypt, Volume 5 Issue 1, January 2016

Pages: 977 - 985

Taurine Modulates Hyperglycemia-Mediated Oxidative Stress and Protects Hepatocytes in Experimental Diabetes

Nema Mohamed, Horeya Abdel Gawad, Farozia Mousa, Rhagad Shihab

Share this Article

Downloads: 110 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙15

Research Paper, Physiology Science, Egypt, Volume 5 Issue 2, February 2016

Pages: 1624 - 1631

Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem cells Infusion Ameliorates Hyperglycemia, Dyslipidemia, Liver and Kidney Functions in Diabetic Rats

Farozia Mousa, Karolin Kamel Abdel-Aziz, Horeya Abdel Gawad, Salwa Soliman Mahmoud, Mahmoud Saeed Elgamel

Share this Article

Downloads: 115 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙12

Research Paper, Physiology Science, India, Volume 4 Issue 3, March 2015

Pages: 1018 - 1021

Glycosylated Hemoglobin in Young Healthy Kashmiri Adults for Reference Epidemiological Purposes and Prediction of the Risk of Future Diabetes

Reyaz Lone, Peerzada Sajad, Reyaz Bhat, Naziya Manzoor

Share this Article

Downloads: 119 | Weekly Hits: ⮙3

Research Paper, Physiology Science, Sudan, Volume 6 Issue 9, September 2017

Pages: 352 - 357

Normal Values of Hemoglobin A1c among Women in Khartoum State: (A Pilot Study, 2016)

Fatima Ahmed Fadul, Hisham Mohammed Abdelrhim, Ibrahim Abdelrhim Ali, Omer Abdelaziz Musa

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Hb'

Downloads: 99 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙9

Research Paper, Physiology Science, India, Volume 5 Issue 4, April 2016

Pages: 2107 - 2108

Prevalence of Anemia Risk Factors in Pregnant Women

Dr. Seema Kumari, Dr. Jyoti Priya

Share this Article

Downloads: 107 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙10

Research Paper, Physiology Science, Egypt, Volume 5 Issue 1, January 2016

Pages: 977 - 985

Taurine Modulates Hyperglycemia-Mediated Oxidative Stress and Protects Hepatocytes in Experimental Diabetes

Nema Mohamed, Horeya Abdel Gawad, Farozia Mousa, Rhagad Shihab

Share this Article

Downloads: 110 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙15

Research Paper, Physiology Science, Egypt, Volume 5 Issue 2, February 2016

Pages: 1624 - 1631

Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem cells Infusion Ameliorates Hyperglycemia, Dyslipidemia, Liver and Kidney Functions in Diabetic Rats

Farozia Mousa, Karolin Kamel Abdel-Aziz, Horeya Abdel Gawad, Salwa Soliman Mahmoud, Mahmoud Saeed Elgamel

Share this Article

Downloads: 115 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙12

Research Paper, Physiology Science, India, Volume 4 Issue 3, March 2015

Pages: 1018 - 1021

Glycosylated Hemoglobin in Young Healthy Kashmiri Adults for Reference Epidemiological Purposes and Prediction of the Risk of Future Diabetes

Reyaz Lone, Peerzada Sajad, Reyaz Bhat, Naziya Manzoor

Share this Article

Downloads: 116 | Weekly Hits: ⮙4 | Monthly Hits: ⮙12

Research Paper, Physiology Science, Egypt, Volume 5 Issue 8, August 2016

Pages: 1907 - 1915

Effect of Un-Ionized Ammonia (NH3) on Oreochromis niloticus Physiological Status with a Probiotic Treatment Trial

Salama N. A., Nora F. Ghanim, Abada A. E., Sherif A. H.

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'BMI'

Downloads: 91 | Weekly Hits: ⮙4

Research Paper, Physiology Science, India, Volume 4 Issue 9, September 2015

Pages: 812 - 819

Sedentary Work-A Risk Factor for Diabetes with a Positive Family History

Jinu Merlin Koshy, W M S Johnson, B Sathya Priya

Share this Article

Downloads: 95 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙9

Research Paper, Physiology Science, India, Volume 4 Issue 6, June 2015

Pages: 1697 - 1700

Relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI), Body Fat Percent and Serum TSH Level in Eu-Thyroid Female Subjects

Dr. Sanhita Mukherjee, Dr. Diptakanti Mukhopadhyay, Dr. Phalguni Chakraborty

Share this Article

Downloads: 98 | Weekly Hits: ⮙4

Research Paper, Physiology Science, India, Volume 6 Issue 3, March 2017

Pages: 1364 - 1367

Anthropometrical and Physical Performance Profile of Ethiopian National League Soccer Players

Mohammedbirhan Mossa Ibrahim, Dr. Paramvir Singh, Dr. Harish Kumar

Share this Article

Downloads: 108 | Weekly Hits: ⮙1 | Monthly Hits: ⮙12

Research Paper, Physiology Science, India, Volume 5 Issue 2, February 2016

Pages: 1386 - 1391

Correlation between Six Minute Walk Test and Physiological Cost Index in Healthy Indian Females

Harshita Sharma, Aparna Sarkar

Share this Article

Downloads: 115 | Weekly Hits: ⮙4 | Monthly Hits: ⮙12

Research Paper, Physiology Science, India, Volume 5 Issue 9, September 2016

Pages: 835 - 838

Association between Body Mass Index and Sleep Duration amongst the Adult Assamese Population

Dr. Dipti Bania, Dr. Padmaja Barua

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'DM'

Downloads: 96 | Monthly Hits: ⮙4

Research Paper, Physiology Science, Iraq, Volume 6 Issue 5, May 2017

Pages: 1935 - 1945

The Reasons for Tutoring in Biology among the Sixth ? Grade Scientific Section from the Perspective of the Students

Dr. Ahmed Obaed Hassan

Share this Article

Downloads: 97 | Weekly Hits: ⮙5 | Monthly Hits: ⮙10

Research Paper, Physiology Science, India, Volume 3 Issue 9, September 2014

Pages: 2179 - 2182

Effect of Industrial Pollutants on Physical Efficiency of Post-Menopausal Women in Urban Area

Dipak Kumar Bhuniya, Sudipta Bhuniya

Share this Article

Downloads: 97 | Weekly Hits: ⮙2 | Monthly Hits: ⮙9

Research Paper, Physiology Science, Nigeria, Volume 4 Issue 7, July 2015

Pages: 2562 - 2565

Effect Of Chronic Consumption of Cannabis Sativa on Bleeding Time, Prothrombin Time and Platelet Count In Albino Rats

Obembe, A. O, Okon, V. E., Ofutet. E.O, Okpo-ene, A.I.

Share this Article

Downloads: 98 | Weekly Hits: ⮙3 | Monthly Hits: ⮙9

Research Paper, Physiology Science, India, Volume 4 Issue 5, May 2015

Pages: 2797 - 2800

Correlation between Blood Pressure Recovery After Shuttle Run Test and Resting BP in Collegiate Men

Kulandaivelan S, Vasu P, Ravish Garg, Kalindi, Sonu Punia

Share this Article

Downloads: 100 | Weekly Hits: ⮙3

Review Papers, Physiology Science, India, Volume 3 Issue 3, March 2014

Pages: 716 - 717

Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Cardiac Arrhythmias

Shobana K.

Share this Article



Top