Experiences of Rain-fed Tomato Production in an Open Field
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

Views: 143 , Downloads: 127 | CTR: 89 % | Weekly Popularity: ⮙4

Research Paper | Agriculture | Ethiopia | Volume 6 Issue 2, February 2017

Experiences of Rain-fed Tomato Production in an Open Field

Dessie Getahun, Birhanu Habte

Tomatoes in Ethiopia are conventionally grown in an open field during dry periods using irrigation. Rain fed tomato production in an open field was considered difficult mainly because of disease attack leading to complete destruction of tomato plants since rain contact with the foliage favors development and spread of diseases. Seasonality of production and fluctuations in the supply of fresh tomatoes leading to market glut during in season and shortage during off season was also reported in many countries including Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Nepal and India. Rain fed tomato production in an open field is however successfully demonstrated with the use of appropriate integrated disease management (IDM) practices. Multiple strategies of using cultural, physical, mechanical, biological and chemical options help to limit development and spread of diseases. Control measures include the use of resistant varieties, seeds free from pathogens, seed treatment, improved drainage, proper sanitation, keeping cultivated fields clean and free from weeds and other foreign material that can serve as host for the pathogens. Appropriate field bed preparation, spacing, fertilization and destroying infected plants and throwing them away from the field are also vital. Site selection is an important initial step for IDM where well drained soil is preferred. Tomatoes benefit from crop rotation. Growing tomato in a field planted the previous season with tomato, pepper, eggplant, or other solanaceous crop should be avoided. Ridging and staking are also crucial specifically to drain excess water and to avoid foliage and fruit contact with the soil, respectively. It may also be critical to apply preventive and curative fungicides. Spraying fungicides namely, Agrolaxyl (3 kg/ha) and Ridomil Gold Mz 68 WG (3kg/ha), interchangeably at seven to ten days interval depending on the weather condition and disease incidence were found effective in mitigating the development of foliar fungal diseases at Woreta in Ethiopia. Scouting to monitor for plant disease symptoms and analysis of every hour weather conditions should be seriously considered, otherwise, tomato plants that appear healthy this morning or evening would be completely lost the other morning or evening for diseases such as late blight spreads very fast wiping away plants within a short time.

Keywords: Fresh-tomato, IDM, irrigation, in-season, off-season

Edition: Volume 6 Issue 2, February 2017

Pages: 1335 - 1343

Share this Article

How to Cite this Article?

Dessie Getahun, Birhanu Habte, "Experiences of Rain-fed Tomato Production in an Open Field", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=5021701, Volume 6 Issue 2, February 2017, 1335 - 1343

143 PDF Views | 127 PDF Downloads

Download Article PDF



Similar Articles with Keyword 'irrigation'

Views: 33 , Downloads: 27 | CTR: 82 % | Weekly Popularity: ⮙5

Research Paper, Agriculture, India, Volume 10 Issue 3, March 2021

Pages: 782 - 784

Views of Respondents on Privatization of Agricultural Extension Services with Respect to their Socio-Economic Profile

Madhusmita Sahoo, Indira Priyadarsini Pattnaik, Dr. Santosh Kumar Rout

Share this Article

Views: 125 , Downloads: 93 | CTR: 74 % | Weekly Popularity: ⮙5

Research Paper, Agriculture, Afghanistan, Volume 10 Issue 1, January 2021

Pages: 303 - 308

Study of Raised Bed Planting Method on Yield and Yield Components of Wheat in Kabul

Sayed Maqsod Hashimi, Wakil Ahmad Sarhadi, Nigar Afsana

Share this Article

Views: 147 , Downloads: 104 | CTR: 71 % | Weekly Popularity: ⮙4

Research Paper, Agriculture, Philippines, Volume 9 Issue 7, July 2020

Pages: 1367 - 1374

Increasing Productivity of Rice-Based Cropping System Forlahar Laden Farms

Dinah E. Abugho, Janice M. Baysa, Florida A. Domingo

Share this Article

Views: 151 , Downloads: 106 | CTR: 70 % | Weekly Popularity: ⮙4

Research Paper, Agriculture, Egypt, Volume 8 Issue 6, June 2019

Pages: 1164 - 1170

Effect of Fixed Furrow Irrigation on Water Productivity of Cotton Irrigated with Saline Water

Maha A. Aly, Meleha A. M. I

Share this Article

Views: 142 , Downloads: 107 | CTR: 75 % | Weekly Popularity: ⮙3

Research Paper, Agriculture, Uzbekistan, Volume 7 Issue 1, January 2018

Pages: 1241 - 1243

Impact of Irrigation and Nutrition to "Andijon-36" Cotton Species Yield

Rajabov Nurmamat Qudratovich, Shamsiev Akmal Sadirdinovich

Share this Article
Top