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Research Paper | Agricultural Engineering | Iraq | Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2017
Wild Milk Thistle Unique Fatty Plant
Abstract: Milk thistle Silybum Marianum L. annual or biennial wild winter plant belongs to Asteraceae family widespread in north of Iraq particularly in Sulaimaniyah province. The botanical survey revealed that this plant became a third in coverage degree. Plant density reached 4.8plant / m2, replication 40 %, found the higher plant in height was 110 cm. This regions is rich in floras vegetation cover which could be invested for anti-desertification, soil protection, sustainable biodiversity development and improvement of natural pastures. Its importance appearance as a medically by treating some diseases, milk thistle is better known as having medicinal benefits. It is a great tonic, increases appetite and aids in digestion. Including those who were addicted to alcohol to cleanse the liver. Used internally in the treatment of liver and gall bladder diseases, jaundice, cirrhosis, hepatitis and poisoning (including mushroom poisoning) through its containing several medicinal components as, linoleic acid64.59 %, oleic acid23.59 %, palmitic acid 12.62 %and stearic acid 5.9 %. Treating components, silymarin0.038 % tocopherol and 0.63 % sterols. Including Cholesterol, camp sterol, stigma sterol, sit sterol and some mucilage, The three principle components of silymarin are the flavanoligans silybin, silychristin, and silidianin. To plant nutritional importance due to its seeds components for the follows, protein23 %, oils 26.65 %, ash 3.4 %, fiber4.55 % and carbohydrates 37.72 %. Also the plant contain some important elements such as magnesium, calicium, zinc and ironetc. . Plant leaves as food eaten peaks cutworms and fresh as it palatable and useful of nutritional value. Contains mucilage substances, vitamins (A, B12, C, E, K) andsugars.
Keywords: Milk Thistle, Sulaymaniyah, Medical plant, Silybum Marianum
Edition: Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2017,
Pages: 1227 - 1229