International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Since Year 2012 | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Research Paper | Chemistry | India | Volume 5 Issue 10, October 2016


Effect of Ethylene Glycol on Chemical Speciation of Ternary Complexes of Phenylalanine and Maleic Acid with Ca(II), Mg(II) and Zn(II) Metal Ions

T. Sreevaram [3] | A. V. R. Gajapathi Raju [2] | N. Vijaya Kumar [4] | B. B. V. Sailaja [3]


Abstract: The stability constants of ternary complexes of Ca (II), Mg (II) and Zn (II) ions with Phenylalanine and Maleic acid were determined pH metrically in the presence of 0.060.0 % v/v ethylene glycol-water mixtures maintaining an ionic strength of 0.16 mol L-1 at 303.0 K. Alkali metric titrations were carried out in different relative concentrations [MLX=1.02.52.5, 1.02.55.0, 1.05.02.5 for Ca (II), Mg (II) and Zn (II) of metal (M) to Phenylalanine (L) to Maleic acid (X). Stability constants of ternary complexes were calculated and various models were refined with MINIQUAD75. The best fit chemical models were selected based on statistical parameters and residual analysis. The species detected are MLXH and ML2XH for Ca (II), Mg (II) and Zn (II). The relative stabilities of the mixed ligand complexes were compared with those of the binary complexes. The enhanced stability associated with the ternary complex is attributed to chelate effect, stacking interactions and hydrogen bonding.


Keywords: Stability constants, Mixed-ligand complexes, Phenylalanine, Maleic acid, Metals and Ethylene glycol


Edition: Volume 5 Issue 10, October 2016,


Pages: 361 - 367


How to Cite this Article?

T. Sreevaram, A. V. R. Gajapathi Raju, N. Vijaya Kumar, B. B. V. Sailaja, "Effect of Ethylene Glycol on Chemical Speciation of Ternary Complexes of Phenylalanine and Maleic Acid with Ca(II), Mg(II) and Zn(II) Metal Ions", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 5 Issue 10, October 2016, pp. 361-367, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=2101602

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