Review Papers | Economics | Ethiopia | Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014
Root Causes and Solutions to Human Trafficking in Ethiopia
human trafficking is defined as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person for the purpose of exploitation. Among the causes to human trafficking in Ethiopia, the following are dominant. Widespread and increasing level of poverty, unemployment and under-employment (especially of women), greed, family and communal dislocation, economic transition, globalization, rural impoverishment, accelerated commoditization of sex, economic decline and uncertainties, opportunism, false and fake dream, and dramatically deteriorating living standards. Others are low pay, discriminatory labor practices, violence (particularly against women), lack of social and welfare support, lack of educational opportunities, tourism, false or imaginary marriage, declining border controls, governance, constant and increased demand for cheap labor, combined forces of organized crime and governmental corruption, and the receding capacity of the state to provide basic social services. Hence, some of the causes of human trafficking are structural in character and require long-term solutions. At the same time, the seriousness of the problem and its changing nature require immediate and rapid response, timely measures, and the flexibility to rethink and change direction where necessary. Anti-trafficking policy tends to be dominated by the prevention, protection and prosecution paradigm, which also tends to focus primarily on short-time interventions.
Keywords: Human trafficking, causes to trafficking, effects of trafficking, Ethiopia
Edition: Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014
Pages: 1578 - 1585
How to Cite this Article?
Gabriel Temesgen, "Root Causes and Solutions to Human Trafficking in Ethiopia", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=2015530, Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014, 1578 - 1585
192 PDF Views | 114 PDF Downloads
Similar Articles with Keyword 'Ethiopia'
An Analysis of Urban Households Poverty and Forecasting its Average Exit Time: The Case of Selected Towns in Southern Ethiopia
Mesfin Menza, Afework Berhanu, Melkamu Mada
Determinants of Farmers Participation Decision on Local Seed Multiplication in Amhara Region,Ethiopia: A Double Hurdle Approach
Mesay Yami, TekluTesfaye, Adam Bekele
Analyzing Adoption and Intensity of Use of Coffee Technology Package in Yergacheffe District, Gedeo Zone, SNNP Regional State, Ethiopia
Abreham Kebedom, Tewodros Ayalew
An Economic Overview of Ginger Production in Ethiopia
Dr. Vijayalaxmi Hegde, Dr. Sreepada Hegde
Factors Affect Participation of Rural Households? Off-farm Activities in Tigray National Regional State