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Review Papers | Molecular Engineering | India | Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014
A Practical Approach on SDS PAGE for Separation of Protein
Abstract: Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE), describes a technique widely used in biochemistry, forensics, genetics, molecular biology and biotechnology to separate biological macromolecules, usually proteins or nucleic acids, according to their electrophoretic mobility. Mobility is a function of the length, conformation and charge of the molecule. As with all forms of gel electrophoresis, molecules may be run in their native state, preserving the molecules' higher-order structure or a chemical denaturant may be added to remove this structure and turn the molecule into an unstructured linear chain whose mobility depends only on its length and mass-to-charge ratio. For nucleic acids, urea is the most commonly used denaturant. For proteins, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) is an anionic detergent applied to protein sample to linearize proteins and to impart a negative charge to linearized proteins. This procedure is called SDS-PAGE. In most proteins, the binding of SDS to the polypeptide chain imparts an even distribution of charge per unit mass, thereby resulting in a fractionation by approximate size during electrophoresis. Proteins that have a greater hydrophobic content, for instance many membrane proteins, and those that interact with surfactants in their native environment, are intrinsically harder to treat accurately using this method, due to the greater variability in the ratio of bound SDS
Keywords: SDS-PAGE, molecular biology, biotechnology, electrophoretic mobility
Edition: Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014,
Pages: 955 - 960
How to Cite this Article?
Suvra Roy, Vikash Kumar, "A Practical Approach on SDS PAGE for Separation of Protein", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014, pp. 955-960, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=2015409
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