Review on Bioremediation of Heavy Metals with Microbial Isolates and Amendments on Soil Residue
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064



Review Papers | Civil Engineering | India | Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014

Review on Bioremediation of Heavy Metals with Microbial Isolates and Amendments on Soil Residue

Akshata Jain N, Udayashankara T. H, Lokesh K. S

Heavy metal pollution is nowadays one of the most important environmental concerns. Anthropogenic activities like metalliferous mining and smelting, agriculture, waste disposal or industry discharge a variety of metals such as Ag, As, Au, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Pd, Pt, Rd, Sn, Th, U and Zn, which can produce harmful effects on human health when they are taken up in amounts that cannot be processed by the organism. Physical and chemical methods have been proposed for the removal of these pollutants. Conventional methods to remediate heavy metals contaminated site are excavation and solidification/ stabilization, these technologies are suitable to control contamination but not permanently remove heavy metals. Nevertheless, they have some disadvantages, among them cost-effectiveness limitations, generation of hazardous by-products or inefficiency. Biological methods solve these drawbacks since they are easy to operate, do not produce secondary pollution. Heavy metals having relatively high density are toxic at low concentration. Microorganisms and plants are usually used for the removal of heavy metals. Process of involvement of microorganisms to reduce pollutant concentration is known as bioremediation which is a natural process and its importance of biodiversity (above or below the ground) is increasingly considered for clean-up of metal contaminated and polluted ecosystem. All the metals are toxic, but some of these are useful in low concentration. These metal toxicity cause serious morbidity and mortality. The bioavailability can be improved by addition of organic nutrients to the soil such as manure, compost, biosolids, which condition the soil and increases the fertility of soil. Bioremediation can be carried out both in aerobic and anaerobic condition. But aerobic conditions prove to be faster compared to that of anaerobic condition. The isolation of heavy metal resistant microorganisms and the understanding of the mechanisms they use in order to remove this kind of pollutants may contribute to the development of improved bioremediation processes. The aim of this work is to study the ability of bioremediation process with microbial isolates and amendments to remove heavy metals from polluted soil residue.

Keywords: Heavy metals, Microorganisms, Bioremediation, Amendments, Soil Residue

Edition: Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014

Pages: 118 - 123

Share this Article

How to Cite this Article?

Akshata Jain N, Udayashankara T. H, Lokesh K. S, "Review on Bioremediation of Heavy Metals with Microbial Isolates and Amendments on Soil Residue", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=2015196, Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014, 118 - 123

79 PDF Views | 61 PDF Downloads

Download Article PDF



Similar Articles with Keyword 'Heavy metals'

Research Paper, Civil Engineering, India, Volume 4 Issue 6, June 2015

Pages: 3093 - 3096

Fenton?s Reagent for the Treatment of Pharmaceutical Industry Wastewater

Ronak Shetty, Shweta Verma

Share this Article

Research Paper, Civil Engineering, India, Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014

Pages: 991 - 994

Equilibrium; Isotherm and Kinetics Studies for the Uptake of Lead Ions from Aqueous Solution Using Rice Husk

Kirti Goyal, Shakti Kumar

Share this Article

Research Paper, Civil Engineering, India, Volume 6 Issue 5, May 2017

Pages: 1721 - 1724

Sugarcane Industry Wastewater Containing Various Pollutants Characterization

Gaikwad Nilesh Nanaso, Gavande Sagar

Share this Article

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Civil Engineering, India, Volume 4 Issue 6, June 2015

Pages: 1877 - 1881

Coal Washery Waste Water Treatment using Natural Coagulants and Chemical Precipitation

Thawari Dharavi Babarao, Shweta Verma

Share this Article

Case Studies, Civil Engineering, India, Volume 6 Issue 10, October 2017

Pages: 1789 - 1794

Limnological Study of Lakes

S. Bharath Kumar, Dr. P. K. Suresh

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Microorganisms'

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Civil Engineering, India, Volume 4 Issue 6, June 2015

Pages: 1550 - 1555

Evaluation of Marine Oil Spill using Phytoremediation and Bioremediation

Ashwini.S.K, Shweta Verma

Share this Article

Research Paper, Civil Engineering, India, Volume 5 Issue 7, July 2016

Pages: 1073 - 1076

Compilation of Alternative Building Components and Common Distresses Found Through Building Condition Assessment

Vishrantkumar Zambre, Milind Darade

Share this Article

Review Papers, Civil Engineering, India, Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014

Pages: 118 - 123

Review on Bioremediation of Heavy Metals with Microbial Isolates and Amendments on Soil Residue

Akshata Jain N, Udayashankara T. H, Lokesh K. S

Share this Article

Review Papers, Civil Engineering, India, Volume 6 Issue 2, February 2017

Pages: 934 - 937

A Review on Removal of Heavy Metal (Cr and Cd) Using Plant Seeds for Purification of Water

Swati Gumfawar, Buddharatna J. Godboley

Share this Article

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Civil Engineering, India, Volume 5 Issue 9, September 2016

Pages: 853 - 860

A Study on Microbial Fuel Cell for Leachate Treatment and Bio Electricity Production

Aswathi Mithran, K. G. Harshan

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'Bioremediation'

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Civil Engineering, India, Volume 4 Issue 6, June 2015

Pages: 1550 - 1555

Evaluation of Marine Oil Spill using Phytoremediation and Bioremediation

Ashwini.S.K, Shweta Verma

Share this Article

Review Papers, Civil Engineering, India, Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014

Pages: 118 - 123

Review on Bioremediation of Heavy Metals with Microbial Isolates and Amendments on Soil Residue

Akshata Jain N, Udayashankara T. H, Lokesh K. S

Share this Article
Top