International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Most Trusted Research Journal Since Year 2012

ISSN: 2319-7064



Research Paper | Biology Science | Algeria | Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014

Dietary Patterns among Overweight / Obese School Children of District of Constantine (Algeria): A Longitudinal Study

Amira Sayed, Hajer Daoudi, Abdelkader Rouabah, Naim Akhtar Khan, Leila Rouabah

Background We determined the changes in the incidence of overweight/obesity ina population of schoolchildren, aged from 7 to 11 years, in the district of Constantine (Algeria) during 2010 and 2013. We alsoidentified the eating patterns in these children in a follow-up study. Methods We recorded the age, weight and height of recruited children (n=599). The study included aqualitative food frequency questionnaire to assess usual dietary intakes at break-fast, lunch and dinner. The weight status of these children was determined as per WHO references of 2007. Factor analysis was used for identifying major dietary patterns. Results The incidence of overweight/obesity in school children was 34.7 % in 2010; it was reduced to 27.1 % in 2011 and to 26.4 % in 2013.However, the incidence of obesity alone increased at the end of 3rd year. The overweight and obese children took the same break-fast during the course of 3 years. However, there was a progressive decrease in the consumption of milk, during break-fast time, by overweight (15.4 % in 2010, 14.9 % in 2011 and 4.7 % in 2013) and obese children (13.2 % in 2010, 11.5 % in 2011 and 6.1 % in 2013).As regards lunch, we observed a decrease in eating habits in 3 years both in overweight (17.1 % in 2010, 13.9 % in 2011, 9.30 % in 2013) and obese children (11 % in 2010, 14.80 % in 2011 and 9.60 % in 2013). During the 3 years, for dinner, overweight children exhibited an increase in its consumption (0.90 % in 2010, 2 % in 2011 and 2.40 % 2013). On the contrary, the obese children showed a progressive decrease in the feeding habits for dinner (3.30 % in 2010, 1.60 % in 2011 and 0.90 % in 2013).Obese children exhibited a preference for high energy density food composed of sweets, chocolate, chips, biscuits and cakes. Conclusions Childhood obesity has increased over the last three years. A perturbation in the eating patterns may contribute to energy imbalance and consequently to the incidence of obesity.

Keywords: children, obesity, Constantine, food habit

Edition: Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014

Pages: 1975 - 1979


How to Cite this Article?

Amira Sayed, Hajer Daoudi, Abdelkader Rouabah, Naim Akhtar Khan, Leila Rouabah, "Dietary Patterns among Overweight / Obese School Children of District of Constantine (Algeria): A Longitudinal Study", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=2014705, Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014, 1975 - 1979

36 PDF Views | 24 PDF Downloads

Download Article PDF



Similar Articles with Keyword 'children'

Research Paper, Biology Science, India, Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015

Pages: 1288 - 1291

Risk Assessment of Lead Induced Toxicity Profiling from Toxicogenomics Data of Human Cell Lines

Arpitha B M

Share this article

Research Paper, Biology Science, Iraq, Volume 4 Issue 11, November 2015

Pages: 978 - 982

Prevalence of Rotavirus Infection among Diarrheal Children in Baghdad City

Rawaa Abdulkhaleq Hussein, Areej Abd Al-Abbas, Arwa Mujahid Abdullah, Nada Taha Al-Bashier

Share this article

Research Paper, Biology Science, Nigeria, Volume 5 Issue 8, August 2016

Pages: 1950 - 1955

Clinical Safety Profiles of Artesunate and Amodiaquine in Combination with Sulphadoxine-Pyrimethamine for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria in Children

M. Kokori, M. M. Suleiman, L. S. Kela

Share this article

Research Paper, Biology Science, Nigeria, Volume 5 Issue 9, September 2016

Pages: 1684 - 1689

Body Temperature Trends and Fever Risk in the Parasitaemia of Plasmodium Falciparum Treated Children at Lake-Alau, Borno State, North Eastern Nigeria

M. Kokori, A. M. Inuwa, M. Babakura, A. M. Garba

Share this article

Research Paper, Biology Science, Algeria, Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014

Pages: 1975 - 1979

Dietary Patterns among Overweight / Obese School Children of District of Constantine (Algeria): A Longitudinal Study

Amira Sayed, Hajer Daoudi, Abdelkader Rouabah, Naim Akhtar Khan, Leila Rouabah

Share this article



Similar Articles with Keyword 'obesity'

Research Paper, Biology Science, Algeria, Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014

Pages: 1975 - 1979

Dietary Patterns among Overweight / Obese School Children of District of Constantine (Algeria): A Longitudinal Study

Amira Sayed, Hajer Daoudi, Abdelkader Rouabah, Naim Akhtar Khan, Leila Rouabah

Share this article

Research Paper, Biology Science, Algeria, Volume 3 Issue 9, September 2014

Pages: 910 - 915

Factors Associated With Overweight and Obesity Among Adults in Constantine

Dalichaouch-Benchaoui. S, Abadi. N

Share this article

Research Paper, Biology Science, Nigeria, Volume 4 Issue 7, July 2015

Pages: 1039 - 1047

Knowledge-Based Diet and Physical Exercise Advisory System

Ezeuko Charles E, Diala Stanley O, Ejem Agbaeze

Share this article

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Biology Science, Malaysia, Volume 6 Issue 2, February 2017

Pages: 1020 - 1027

Evaluation of A Novel Formulation from Functional Foods for Hypoglycemic and Weight Loss Activities in High-Fat Balb/C Mice

Hun Alhasin Salem, Moklesur Rahman Sarker

Share this article

Research Paper, Biology Science, Nigeria, Volume 5 Issue 9, September 2016

Pages: 15 - 20

Modeling Impact of Economic Status on Body Mass Index among Women of Reproductive Age in Nigeria: Using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA)

Michael Ekholuenetale, Kelly Relobhegbe Okhae, Godson Tudeme MD

Share this article



Similar Articles with Keyword 'Constantine'

Research Paper, Biology Science, Algeria, Volume 3 Issue 8, August 2014

Pages: 1975 - 1979

Dietary Patterns among Overweight / Obese School Children of District of Constantine (Algeria): A Longitudinal Study

Amira Sayed, Hajer Daoudi, Abdelkader Rouabah, Naim Akhtar Khan, Leila Rouabah

Share this article

Research Paper, Biology Science, Algeria, Volume 3 Issue 9, September 2014

Pages: 910 - 915

Factors Associated With Overweight and Obesity Among Adults in Constantine

Dalichaouch-Benchaoui. S, Abadi. N

Share this article
Top