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Research Paper | Geography | Nigeria | Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014
Regional Disparities in Health Indicators in Africa
Nafiu Zakari | Dr. Ripudaman Singh
Abstract: The Regional disparities in health indicators in Africa; seven parameters used; thus; life expectancy; infant mortality rate; death rate; maternal mortality rate; HIV/AIDs prevalence; physician density and percentage public spend on health; to measure the disparities; choropleth and Dots maps using ArcGIS 9.3.1 ; tables; graphs; and charts were used for data presentation and analysis. Large disparities were observed between the countries in all the parameters; with large number of the countries showing least performance; no single country fulfil the said target of 15 % public spending on health by Abuja conference; large gap in the physician densities among others. The cumulative analysis of the parameters of each country (note: not all countries data for the all parameters are available) each is computed to find the relative deprivation values; Tunisia has the value of 0.915; while Central Africa Republic got 0.197; the difference of 0.718 between the highest and the least shows a significant disparities between the countries.
Keywords: Disparities, health indicators, choropleth map, significant disparities, deprivation value
Edition: Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014,
Pages: 1032 - 1036
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