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Research Paper | Electronics & Communication Engineering | India | Volume 3 Issue 4, April 2014
Automated Train Control System with Real Time Train Tracking Facility Based On GPS and Onboard Disaster Prevention Network
R Karthik  | Aby. K. Thomas
Abstract: A wireless sensor network (WSN) consists of spatially distributed autonomous sensors to monitor physical or environmental conditions, such as temperature, sound, and pressure to cooperatively pass their data through the network to a main location. It provides a bridge between the real physical and virtual worlds. The more modern networks are bi-directional, also enabling control of sensor activity. The development of wireless sensor networks was motivated by military applications such as battlefield surveillance; today such networks are used in many industrial and consumer applications, such as industrial process monitoring and control. The aim of the project is to design a system that will run the train autonomously without any human operators. This will avoid train to train collisions, over speeding problem, signalling errors and unmanned railway crossing incidents. Provide a way for a passenger to know the train location, speed and direction in real time from anywhere in India through his mobile phone using GPS. The train unit has an on-board GPS module and a GSM module. A passenger can simply query the location of a train via SMS from his mobile phone. The train unit will reply to the user mobile with the GPS coordinates of the present location it is travelling. Driverless train control system operates on the principle of a central railway server and communication devices fixed in each trains. In unmanned railway crossing truck/car/humans/animals may cross a railway line. The train control system oversees this and can adapt to slow down the speed accordingly. It has a front SONAR ultrasonic range finder for this purpose. Interconnect all the train compartments with embedded network to ensure safety and security of passengers during disasters occurring within trains such as bomb blasts and fire outbreaks. Have audio speakers to inform the passengers about the approaching station and also to provide alert messages during a crisis situation.
Keywords: CAN bus Controller Area Network, Inertial measurement unit IMU, GNSS Global Navigation Satellite Systems, inertial navigation systems INS
Edition: Volume 3 Issue 4, April 2014,
Pages: 536 - 540
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