International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Open Access | Double Blind Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 108

Research Paper | Environmental Science Studies | Pakistan | Volume 5 Issue 10, October 2016

Effect of Boiling on Removing of Microcystins Toxins from Drinking Water Samples

M Badar [2] | Fatima Batool [2] | Muhammad Idrees [2] | Hafiz Reehan Iqbal [2] | M Ahsan Zia [2]

Abstract: The Population has been living more than 37 % in the under developing countries, they need to access on safe drinking water as their basic right. Every year, the 875 million cases of diarrhoea and 4.7 million deaths are facing in these countries because primarily deficiencies occur in drinking water supply. These countries have needed more than $150 billion, it is expected estimate for their requirement to establish full safe water drinking supply coverage system and this calculated total amount may not be raise by them in the near future. For above purpose, it is needed to know the usefulness of boiling, chlorination and heat pasteurization methods for disinfection of microbes as (E. Coli, C. Boulinum and Cyanobacteria) in drinking water sources. The lab testing under the reliable method was used for detecting the microbial contamination and toxins these including the proper sampling of wastewater, then detection of toxins by using the ELISA method and microbial contamination by plate growth method. Simple Water boiling method is used with adding the small amount of coagulant as Ferric Chloride. The study showed that the toxins level was very high as 22 mg/l of microcystins in canal water that depend on microbial contaminations. In this research, 90-98 % toxins were removes from drinking water samples by using the boiling process with some amount chemical as ferrous sulphate for drinking water treatment. Conclusions the conclusion isdrowning from this study as finding very low consternation of toxins are observed as 0.2 mg/l with zero microbial contamination after treatment of boiling of drinking water under effective designed method.

Keywords: Toxins, Boiling Water, Microcystins, Coagulation

Edition: Volume 5 Issue 10, October 2016,

Pages: 1952 - 1956

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How to Cite this Article?

M Badar, Fatima Batool, Muhammad Idrees, Hafiz Reehan Iqbal, M Ahsan Zia, "Effect of Boiling on Removing of Microcystins Toxins from Drinking Water Samples", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 5 Issue 10, October 2016, pp. 1952-1956,

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