Performance Analysis of CI Engine using Pongamia Pinnata (Karanja) Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

Research Paper | Mechanical Engineering | India | Volume 2 Issue 8, August 2013

Performance Analysis of CI Engine using Pongamia Pinnata (Karanja) Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel

P. L. Naik, D. C. Katpatal

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel of diesel, is described as fatty acid methyl ester from vegetable oils or animal fats. The main objectives of the present work is to reduce higher viscosity of Pongamia pinnata (Karanja) oil using esterification followed by transesterification and to assess the performance and emission characteristics of diesel engine. The important properties of engine fuel such as density, viscosity, flash point and calorific value of Karanja methyl ester were compared with diesel fuel. Various proportions of Karanja oil methyl ester blends (10 %, 20 %, and 30 %) were used for conducting the performance test at varying load conditions. Engine parameters such as brake specific fuel consumption, brake thermal efficiency were calculated and emission parameter such as emission of carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons and oxide of nitrogen gases in exhaust were recorded. By using Karanja oil methyl ester blends with diesel fuel, the result showed that the brake thermal efficiency of biodiesel blends with diesel fuel wee less as compared to diesel fuel. Fuel consumption was increased with increase in blend proportions. It is found that the emission level of CO and HC level decreased with increased in blend proportion in diesel fuel. NOx emission increased with increase in blend proportion in diesel fuel. The test results indicate that biodiesel B-20 and lesser can be used as an alternative without any modifications of diesel engine.

Keywords: Karanja oil methyl ester, Karanja, performance, exhaust emissions

Edition: Volume 2 Issue 8, August 2013

Pages: 445 - 450

Share this Article

How to Cite this Article?

P. L. Naik, D. C. Katpatal, "Performance Analysis of CI Engine using Pongamia Pinnata (Karanja) Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=18081302, Volume 2 Issue 8, August 2013, 445 - 450

108 PDF Views | 80 PDF Downloads

Download Article PDF



Similar Articles with Keyword 'Karanja'

Research Paper, Mechanical Engineering, India, Volume 4 Issue 5, May 2015

Pages: 288 - 293

Combustion Modeling of Biodiesel Fuelled Direct Injection CI Engine

Tushar Naitam, M. M. Deshmukh

Share this Article

Research Paper, Mechanical Engineering, India, Volume 2 Issue 7, July 2013

Pages: 333 - 336

Experimental Investigation on Two Cylinder Diesel Engine using Biodiesel and Diesel as Fuel with EGR Technique

Nitesh Dagar, Ibrahim H. Shah

Share this Article

Research Paper, Mechanical Engineering, India, Volume 2 Issue 8, August 2013

Pages: 445 - 450

Performance Analysis of CI Engine using Pongamia Pinnata (Karanja) Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel

P. L. Naik, D. C. Katpatal

Share this Article

Review Papers, Mechanical Engineering, India, Volume 6 Issue 2, February 2017

Pages: 1947 - 1952

Effects of Different Additives on Performance and Emission of Biodiesel Fuelled Compression Ignition Engine

Atul G. Londhekar, S. C. Kongre

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'performance'

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Mechanical Engineering, India, Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2014

Pages: 478 - 481

Design and Development of Solar Powered Air Cooler

Vijaykumar Kalwa, Dr. R. Prakash

Share this Article

Survey Paper, Mechanical Engineering, India, Volume 8 Issue 6, June 2019

Pages: 2320 - 2324

A Review Paper on Electro Chemical Discharge Machining Technique

Rajeev Sharma

Share this Article

M.Tech / M.E / PhD Thesis, Mechanical Engineering, India, Volume 7 Issue 5, May 2018

Pages: 44 - 47

Review Paper on Experimental Investigation on Vortex Tube Refrigeration System

Abhinav Giri

Share this Article

Research Paper, Mechanical Engineering, China, Volume 9 Issue 11, November 2020

Pages: 570 - 575

Developing an on-Line Machine-Status Monitoring System using Vibrations Analysis

Naison Kunaka, Chen Ning

Share this Article

Review Papers, Mechanical Engineering, India, Volume 9 Issue 10, October 2020

Pages: 1107 - 1113

Modeling and Simulation of Adsorption Refrigeration System Using Low-Grade Thermal Energy

Dr. Ajoy Kumar, Kumar Abhinandan

Share this Article

Similar Articles with Keyword 'exhaust emissions'

Research Paper, Mechanical Engineering, India, Volume 5 Issue 1, January 2016

Pages: 1391 - 1393

Analysis of Exhaust Emissions from Two Stroke Spark Ignition Engine with Copper Coated Piston Operating with Methyl Alcohol Blended Gasoline

Dr. K. Kishor

Share this Article

Research Paper, Mechanical Engineering, India, Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016

Pages: 1860 - 1863

Comparision of Performance and Emission Test Using Biodiesel from Simarouba and Waste Cooking Oil in CI Engine

M. D. Harlapur, Siddesh Bevinahalli, Manjunath B. Sasi

Share this Article

Research Paper, Mechanical Engineering, India, Volume 3 Issue 7, July 2014

Pages: 1718 - 1722

Effect of Swirl Induction by Internally Threaded Inlet Manifolds on Exhaust Emissions of Single Cylinder (DI) Diesel Engine

Dr. Pankaj N.Shrirao, Dr. Rajeshkumar U. Sambhe

Share this Article

Research Paper, Mechanical Engineering, India, Volume 3 Issue 11, November 2014

Pages: 478 - 480

Green Engine

V. Lohit, V. Nikita Verrabahu

Share this Article

Research Paper, Mechanical Engineering, India, Volume 2 Issue 7, July 2013

Pages: 215 - 217

Experimental Analysis of Single Cylinder Four Stroke Diesel Engine with Ethanol & Diesel Blends

Ajith K, Gavudhama Karunanidhi S, Prince M G, Subba Rao G

Share this Article
Top