Case Studies | Architecture & Planning | India | Volume 7 Issue 5, May 2018
Planning of Informal Sector in the Planned City (Chandigarh)
Abstract: In the urban areas/towns the Informal sector or hawkers are the bulging place, especially in India and Other south Asian countries. It provides in experiences and conducive approach to goods and services in the different slices and articulation of the population. Street vending plays a very dominant role in the intrinsic part of pecuniary build-up process. There are many root causes which tends to backing hold down the informal sector/hawkers ability to access emanate the market opportunity which are mainly low level of education and skills, limited approach to formal attention and micro business activity. On detail of being chaotic and self-employed, there are usually lack of any linkages of social security to the hawkers and their families. These types of situations make the street vendors and their families unsafe in most challenging time. It appears that irrespective of the location and type of vendors and then the hawkers live their life with proper virtue, morality and respectability regular by doing hawking activities. According to National Policy on urban Street Vendors, 2004 that among the large cities Mumbai is having largest concentration of roughly2, 50, 000 hawkers which is followed by Kolkata which is having about 2, 00, 000. The poorer sections too are able to procure their basic necessities mainly through street vendors, as the goods sold are cheap. The study on street vendors showed that the lower income groups spend a higher proportion of their income in making purchases from street vendors mainly because their goods are cheap and thus affordable (1). There is substantial increase in the number of street vendors in the major cities around the world, especially in the developing countries of Asia, Latin America and Africa. We have identified two main causes for the growth of street vending in these countries. Firstly, lack of gainful employment coupled with poverty in rural areas has pushed people out of their villages in search of a better existence in the cities. These migrants do not possess the skills or the education to enable them to find better paid, secure employment in the formal sector and they have to settle for work in the informal sector. Secondly, there is another section of the population in these countries who are forced to join the informal sector. These are workers who were employed in the formal sector. They lost their jobs because of closures, down-sizing or mergers in the industries they worked in and they or their family members had to seek low paid work in the informal sector in order to survive. Both causes are directly related to globalisation (2). The street vendors market many goods which common people use on a regular basis and vegetable is traditionally leading the trade. In addition to vegetable and fruits other commodities such as clothes, fruits seller and many household goods and food items like fast food, manufactured by home based workers (2). Various Government programmes shall also been convergence for the welfare purpose of hawkers such as National Urban Livelihood Mission, Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), Prime Minister & #039, s Employment Generation Programme, Skill Development Initiative, Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana, National Social Assistance Programme and other welfare schemes.
Keywords: AutoCAD, Geospatial Planning technology, Google earth, Primary Survey, QGIS
Edition: Volume 7 Issue 5, May 2018,
Pages: 864 - 871
How to Cite this Article?
Harcharan Singh, Manmohan Singh, "Planning of Informal Sector in the Planned City (Chandigarh)", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Volume 7 Issue 5, May 2018, pp. 864-871, https://www.ijsr.net/get_abstract.php?paper_id=18051804
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